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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 6302748, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6302748
Research Article

Optimized Extract from Corylopsis coreana Uyeki (Hamamelidaceae) Flos Inhibits Osteoclast Differentiation

1Department of Pharmacy, Sunchon National University, Jeonnam, Suncheon 57922, Republic of Korea
2Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Mokpo National University, Muan, Jeonnam 58554, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Seung-Sik Cho; rk.ca.opkom@ohcss and Young-Jin Son; rk.ca.nohcnus@ynos

Received 15 September 2017; Revised 23 December 2017; Accepted 30 January 2018; Published 6 March 2018

Academic Editor: Michał Tomczyk

Copyright © 2018 Yongjin Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a metabolic disorder that decreases the stability against fractures of the spine, femur, and radius by weakening the strength and integrity of bones. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand signaling ultimately activated nuclear factor-activated T cells c1, a major transcription factor for osteoclast formation. This study researched the effects of Corylopsis coreana (C. coreana) Uyeki flos extracts on the antiosteoclastic potential of macrophages and the phytochemicals contained therein. The alcoholic extract of C. coreana Uyeki flos inhibited the differentiation of osteoclast. We carried out the experiments of the pattern of differentiation of osteoclasts based on the alcoholic percentage of extracts. Among them, 80% alcoholic extract showed the highest inhibitory effect. The alcoholic extract was composed of phytochemicals such as bergenin, quercetin, and quercitrin. This extract inhibited not only mRNA expression levels of NFATc1, osteoclast-associated receptor (OSCAR), cathepsin K, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), but also the translational expression of NFATc1. The inhibitory effect for osteoclast differentiation of the alcoholic extract was confirmed using the resorption pit assay. This is the first scientific report of the antiosteoclastic effects of C. coreana Uyeki flos extract, which can be applied therapeutically for the treatment of osteoporosis.