Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2018 / Article / Tab 5

Review Article

Effects of Dance on Pain in Patients with Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Table 5

Effects on other variables.

Study/Year Instrument Measures CG EG P. Found Effect
Mean Pre-TSDMean Post-TSDMean Pre-TSDMean Post-TSD

Bojner-Horwitz, E. et al 2003Blood SamplesDehydroepiandrosteronsulphateNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Blood SamplesCortisolNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Blood SamplesProlactinNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Blood SamplesNeuropeptide YNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Saliva SamplesCortisolNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Montgomery Asberg
Rating Scale
DepressionNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Video-interpretation Rating ScaleMobilityNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRA
Video-interpretation Rating ScalePerception of Movement PainNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRA
Video-interpretation Rating ScaleLife EnergyNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRA

Bojner – Horwitz, E. et al 2006Self-Figure Drawing ProcedureSelf-Image
Amount of Body Details11.91.98.91.911.11.916.11.9A8
Amount of paper use in percent507.4406.248.87.468.86.2A30
Amount of Kilo Bytes when scanning136.86.9135.512.1148.46.915612.1D8.9
Amount of Colours3.50.63.30.63.30.63.80.6D0.7
Comprehensive Psychopathologic Rating ScaleDepressionNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Sense of CoherenceCoping Capacity of Life-StressorsNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Swedish Universities Scale of PersonalityPersonality ProfileNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRD
Global Assessment of Well-Being and PainWell-BeingNRNRNRNRNRNRNRNRA

Carbonell-Baeza, A. et al 2010Eight-Polar Tactile-Electrode Impedanciometer (InBody 720, Biospace)Body Composition
Weight in Kilograms68.52.168.8268.12.267.52.2D-0.9
Waist Circumference87.81.986.11.987.11.986.51.9D1.1
Body Mass Index28.20.928.30.927.50.927.40.9D-0.2
Body Fat Percentage38.61.237.21.637.21.231.41.6AB-4.4
Muscle Mass in Kilograms22.60.522.71.423.30.527.21.5A3.8
“30-Second Shair Stand” TestLower Body Muscular Strength70.580.580.5100.5B1
Digital DynamometerUpper Body Muscular Strength15.7117.3118.1118.41.1D-1.3
“Chair Sit and Reach” TestLower Body Flexibility-13.22.7-15.72.9-112.8-6.33D7.2
“Back Scratch” TestUpper Body Flexibility-7.32.4-9.32.4-6.52.4-5.82.5D2.7
“Blind Flamingo” TestStatic Balance10111110191D-2
“8-Feet Up and Go” TestMotor Agility8.30.37.80.37.60.36.80.3B-0.3
“6-Minute Walk” TestAerobic Endurance456.612.745713.1448.713.5480.913.8A31.8
FIQImpact of the Syndrome0
Physical Function4.30.34.80.44.40.43.60.4A-1.3
Fell-good8.30.48.80.47.60.46.10.5AB-2
Fatigue8.20.38.50.37.80.46.50.3AB-1.6
Morning Tiredness80.38.110.48.40.36.40.4A-2.11
Stiffness7.60.47.90.46.60.460.5B-0.9
Anxiety7.40.47.90.46.20.55.20.5AB-1.5
Depression6.10.570.55.70.64.90.6A-1.7
Final Score70.12.1742.866.92.9563.1AB-14.8
SF-36Health-related quality of Life
Physical Functioning39.13.538338.13.844.83.2D7.8
Physical Role5.23.33.32.66.83.6102.8D5.1
General Health26.53293.1333.235.63.4D0.1
Vitality18.12.8192.922.6326.43.2D2.9
Social Functioning44.44.436.73.749.24.855.64AB14.1
Emotional Role33.48388.139.48.848.88.9D4.8
Mental Health45.43.644.94.250.83.957.94.6D7.6
Hospital Anxiety and Depression ScaleAnxiety11.20.8110.89.40.99.10.9D-0.1
Depression9.30.790.87.50.87.30.9D0.1
Vanderbilt Pain Management InventoryCoping Strategies
Passive Coping24.70.824.20.723.20.920.70.7D-2
Active Coping16.10.716.10.716.50.7160.7D-0.5
Rosenberg Self-Esteem ScaleSelf-Esteem28.21.125.41.228.41.228.31.3A2.7
General Self-Efficacy ScaleSelf-Efficacy251.325.51.326.91.427.91.4D0.5

López- Rodriguez, M.M. et al 2012FIQImpact of the Syndrome
Daily Life Activities1.270.450.990.441.170.580.620.57A-0.27
Number of Days That Was Good the Last Week0.751.110.851.261.051.122.212.01A1.06
Absent Days at Work0.921.550.841.671.12.070.551.66D-0.47
Fatigue7.851.187.451.397.951.356.311.85A-1.24
Morning Tiredness8.151.037.551.667.951.266.891.85D-0.46
Stiffness7.61.467.551.576.951.986.152A-0.75
Anxiety7.151.267.91.377.161.65.522.26A-2.39
Depression6.6528.31.175.742.534.422.41A-2.97
Inconvenience on Work7.81.287.21.577.581.535.422.19A-1.56
Final Score69.5512.9669.2312.8967.0810.5152.1616.18AB-14.6
Beck InventoryDepression19.357.716.76.6618.059.8316.057.39D0.65

Carbonell-Baeza, A. el al 2012Eight-Polar Tactile-Electrode Impedanciometer (InBody 720, Biospace)Body Composition
Weight in Kilograms68.32.468.32.5693.1683.3D-1
Waist Circumference86.92.788.12.887.23.485.53.5D-2.9
Body Mass Index27.91.1281.227.81.427.81.5D-0.1
Body Fat Percentage38.41.737.81.936.51.935.92.2D0
Muscle Mass in Kilograms22.30.727.43.323.90.822.63.9D-6.4
“30-Second Chair Stand” TestLower Body Muscular Strength80.68.20.67.70.88.20.7D0.3
“Chair Sit and Reach” TestLower Body Flexibility-17.64.5-7.72.9-15.75.8-6.93.7D-1.1
“Back Scratch” TestUpper Body Flexibility-7.32.4-9.32.4-6.52.4-5.82.5D2.7
“8-Feet Up and Go” TestMotor Agility8.10.47.90.47.80.56.60.5D-1
“6-Minute Walk” TestAerobic Endurance449.616.3445.814.6443.920.346118.1D20.9
Dinamómetro DigitalUpper Body Muscular Strength14.81.616.11.317.91.920.41.6D1.2
“Blind Flamingo” TestStatic Balance12.21.110.61.39.61.59.61.7D1.6
FIQImpact of the Syndrome
Physical Function5.40.540.54.40.64.30.7D1.3
Well-Being8.70.57.80.78.60.66.70.8D-1
Fatigue8.50.47.60.58.40.67.70.6D0.2
Morning Tiredness8.30.48.10.48.90.68.30.6D-0.4
Stiffness7.60.56.10.68.30.770.8D0.2
Anxiety8.50.45.90.67.70.56.90.8D1.8
Depression70.74.90.77.80.96.30.9D0.6
Final Score74.63.162.93.777.73.964.94.7BC-1.1
SF-36Health-related quality of Life
Physical Functioning35.84.742.44.835638.36.2D-3.3
Physical Role009.74.69.15.64.55.9A-14.3
General Health27.73.231.93.326431.94.2D1.7
Vitality20.4423.53.516.22.125.24.5D5.9
Social Functioning31.76.151.65.844.37.843.97.5A-20.3
Emotional Role25.58.542.710.315.810.81213.2D-21
Mental Health41.74.553.34.637.35.8445.9D-4.9
Hospital Anxiety and Depression ScaleAnxiety11.9110.4112.11.311.91.3D1.3
Depression9.61.18.519.11.48.51.3D0.5
Vanderbilt Pain Management InventoryCoping Strategies
Passive Coping25.60.721.40.923.70.922.21.2A2.7
Active Coping15.60.9170.915.91.114.21.1D-3.1
Rosenberg Self-Esteem ScaleSelf-Esteem29.11.429.21.326.41.227.11.7D0.6
General Self-Efficacy ScaleSelf-Efficacy26.11.927.11.524.12.423.11.9D-2

Baptista, A.S. et al 2012“6-Minute Walk” TestFunctional Capacity33266.734377.9372.880.243188.7A47.2
FIQImpact of the Syndrome6.341.295.91.865.891.394.261.81A-1.19
SF-36Health-related quality of Life
Physical Functioning32.618.939.12244.91.8956.319.9D4.9
Physical Role8.817.913.826.524.732.236.532.4D6.8
General Health3816.541.521.44621.744.915.6D-4.6
Vitality2918.237.121.841.318.847.623.8D-1.8
Social Functioning47.623.151.325.552.627.757.227D0.9
Emotional Role21.233.131.538.734.236.951.939.6A7.4
Mental Health43.42446.222.64619.952.320.8A3.5
Beck InventoryDepression21.21323.513.723.914.723.115.3D-3.1
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Part 1Anxiety52.88.151.89.450.57.6849.410D-0.1
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Part 2Anxiety539.754.110.151.17.849.89.1D-2.4
Body Dysmorphic
Disorder Examination
Self-Image48.834.246.931.842.832.641.124.24A0.2

López- Rodriguez, M.M. et al 2013FIQImpact of the Syndrome
Daily Life Activities1.280.41.40.51.120.50.650.6AB-0.59
Number of Days That Was Good the Last Week0.91.211.311.12.072.1AB0.97
Absent Days at Work1.331.61.221.80.731.70.381.3D-0.24
Fatigue6.891.66.561.56.871.84.462.4AB-2.08
Morning Tiredness7.771.37.571.27.591.36.661.9D-0.73
Stiffness7.81.17.531.57.591.37.172D-0.15
Anxiety7.031.56.471.76.861.86.411.9D0.11
Depression7.11.36.971.27.031.55.92.5AB-1
Inconvenience on Work6.531.96.41.75.662.54.522.4D-1.01
Final Score68.6314.168.514.165.7911.253.7318AB-11.95
Pittsburgh Sleep
Quality Index
Sleep Quality14.72.414.42.415.11.77.591.8AB-7.21
Center for Epidemiologic
Studies Depression Scale
Depression26.376.427.77.323.079.720.4111.1D-3.99
State Anxiety InventoryAnxiety44.974.544.875.145.173.938.795.8AB-6.28

EG: experimental group; CG: control group; n: sample size; SD: standard deviation; T: test; FIQ: Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire; NR: not reported; NA: not applicable; A: significant changes of experimental group versus control group; B: changes in experimental group; C: changes in control group; D: not significative changes; P: P-value.

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