Table 9: Summarized activities found in genus Bougainvillea.

ActivitySpeciesReferences
B. buttianaB. glabraB. spectabilisB. peruvianaB. x buttiana

Analgesic[29, 48, 49]
Anthelmintic[50, 51]
Antidiabetic[16, 42, 5255]
Antidiarrheal[45]
Antifertility[21, 56]
Antihyperlipidemic[18, 29, 57, 58]
Anti-inflammatory[28, 4850, 59]
Antimicrobial[11, 23, 4147, 60]
Antioxidants[11, 16, 26, 46, 6168]
Antipyretic[48]
Antiulcer[45]
Antiviral[69, 70]
Cardiotonic[71]
Cytotoxic[16, 24, 26, 33, 63, 72]
Immunomodulator[55]
Neuroprotective[32, 52]
Thrombolytic[53, 54]

Note: the symbol √ represents the present biological or pharmacological activity in the respective species.