Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Relationship between Cold Hypersensitivity in the Hands and Feet and Health-Related Quality of Life in Koreans: A Nationwide Population Survey

Table 1

Participants’ general characteristics.

Category20132015P-valueTotal

Sex
 Male5455450.9831090 (49.5)
 Female5565561111 (50.5)
Age (years)
 20–29183 (16.6)194 (17.6)0.852377 (17.1)
 30–39224 (20.3)204 (18.5)428 (19.4)
 40–49243 (22.1)234 (21.3)477 (21.7)
 50–59217 (19.7)218 (19.8)435 (19.8)
 60–69120 (10.9)130 (11.8)250 (11.4)
 Over 70114 (10.4)120 (10.9)234 (10.6)
 Mean46.4 ± 15.346.6 ± 15.60.73146.5 ± 15.4
Body mass index (kg/m2)23.2 ± 3.023.2 ± 2.80.93723.2 ± 2.9
Drinking
 Current drinker961 (87.3)720 (65.5)< 0.0011681 (76.4)
 Not drinking140 (12.7)380 (34.5)520 (23.6)
Smoking
 Current smoker293 (26.6)275 (25.0)0.387568 (25.8)
 Not smoking808 (73.4)825 (75.0)1633 (74.2)
Marital status
 With spouse814 (74.0)777 (70.6)0.0781591 (72.3)
 Without spouse286 (26.0)323 (29.4)609 (27.7)
Income
 Under 200199 (18.2)142 (12.9)0.001341 (15.5)
 200–300219 (20.0)187 (17.0)406 (18.5)
 300–400299 (27.3)325 (29.5)624 (28.4)
 400–500167 (15.3)184 (16.7)351 (16.0)
 Over 500211 (19.3)262 (23.8)473 (21.5)
Occupation
 Office219 (19.9)253 (23.0)0.130472 (21.4)
 Service390 (35.4)394 (35.8)784 (35.6)
 Others492 (44.7)453 (41.2)945 (42.9)
Education
 ≤ Middle school208 (19.0)162 (14.7)0.017370 (16.9)
 High school420 (38.4)466 (42.4)886 (40.4)
 ≥ University466 (42.6)472 (42.9)938 (42.8)
Hands score3.5 ± 1.63.4 ± 1.50.4133.4±1.6
Feet score3.5 ± 1.63.5 ± 1.50.9733.5±1.6
Abdomen score3.6 ± 1.53.6 ± 1.40.6273.6±1.4

Total1101 (50.0)1100 (50.0)2201 (100)

Data are shown as n (%) or the mean ± standard deviation. P values were calculated by chi-square test or Student’s t-test
“Current drinker” was defined as alcohol consumption at least once a month; “Not drinking” was defined as alcohol consumption less than once a month.
Average monthly household income (unit: 10,000 KRW)
“Office” includes administrative, professional, and clerical work; “Service” includes service and sales industries; “Others” includes skilled or machine work, labour, agriculture and forestry, fishing, and unemployment.

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