Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2021 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Perioperative Electroacupuncture Can Accelerate the Recovery of Gastrointestinal Function in Cancer Patients Undergoing Pancreatectomy or Gastrectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Baseline characteristics.

VariablesEA group (n = 201)Control group (n = 184) value

Sex (M : F)121 : 80115 : 690.643
Age, yrs.57.0 ± 10.856.7 ± 10.30.334
BMI, kg/m224.1 ± 4.024.1 ± 3.10.946
Diabetes (%)32 (15.9)30 (16.3)0.918
Smoking (%)61 (30.3)70 (38)0.111
Drinking (%)57 (28.4)64 (34.8)0.175

ASA score (%)0.783
 I68 (33.8)57 (31)
 II112 (55.7)109 (59.2)
 III21 (10.4)18 (9.8)
Preoperative gastrointestinal function score103.9 ± 12.2102.3 ± 12.50.199
Diagnosis0.477
 Gastric cancer137128
 Pancreatic adenocarcinoma5744
 Carcinoma of bile duct01
 Periampullary adenocarcinoma13
 Duodenum carcinoma35
 Gastric stromal tumor13
 Cystic and solid tumor of the pancreas20

Laparoscope (%)52 (25.9)38 (20.7)0.227
Kind of surgery0.768
 Local gastrectomy35
 Proximal gastrectomy1618
 Total gastrectomy3626
 Distal gastrectomy(Billroth-I)1313
 Distal gastrectomy(Billroth-II)6969
 Pancreaticoduodenectomy2517
 IORT surgery2620
 Distal pancreatectomy1316

Operation time (min)207.5 ± 64.5195.5 ± 57.50.055
Intraoperative blood loss (ml)147.5 ± 303.0142.5 ± 261.00.863
Intraoperative blood transfusion (ml)106.5 ± 352.977.7 ± 261.10.368

BMI: body mass index; ASA: American Society of Anesthesiologists; IORT: intraoperative radiation therapy.

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