Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Complementary and Alternative Therapies Targeting Inflammasomes for Human Diseases


Publishing date
01 May 2020
Status
Published
Submission deadline
10 Jan 2020

1Kyonggi University, Suwon, Republic of Korea

2The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, USA

3Pivotal-BIO, South San Francisco, USA


Complementary and Alternative Therapies Targeting Inflammasomes for Human Diseases

Description

Inflammation is an innate immune response to protect the body from invading pathogens and intracellular stress signals, whereas chronic inflammation has been considered as a major risk factor that induces a variety of diseases, such as inflammatory/autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and even cancers. An inflammatory response comprises two major consecutive steps: priming and triggering. Priming is the preparatory phase for inflammatory response, whereas triggering is the process that boosts the inflammatory response. Inflammasomes are intracellular protein complexes consisting of intracellular pattern recognition receptors and inflammatory molecules and are activated during the inflammatory response, in response to their specific ligands, leading to inflammatory cell death, pyroptosis, and IL-1 and IL-18 secretion.

Recently, much effort has been made to develop safe and effective anti-inflammatory therapies to treat various diseases, and complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) have been successfully proposed as safe and effective anti-inflammatory agents that can overcome the serious problems of conventional drugs, such as drug-failure patient groups, side effects, and toxicity. However, a large number of previous studies have focused on the investigation of the priming step rather than the triggering step. Therefore, the studies focusing on the development of promising CAMs to treat various diseases by targeting inflammasomes need to be further explored. Given these problems, not only basic studies of CAM-mediated anti-inflammatory actions by targeting inflammasomes but also development of novel CAMs that are selectively targeting inflammasomes, as well as being safer and more effective than conventional drugs, is highly demanded.

This Special Issue aims to highlight the latest research that will help in understanding the basic mechanisms as well as the development of promising CAMs targeting inflammasomes to prevent and treat various diseases. Therefore, we kindly invite researchers to contribute original research and review articles investigating in vitro, in vivo, nonclinical, and clinical/translational studies focusing on the anti-inflammatory effects of CAMs by targeting inflammasomes and potential CAM therapeutics to treat various diseases.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Sources, isolation, and characterization of CAMs inhibiting inflammasome activation
  • Chemical modification of CAMs useful for treating human diseases to improve their safety and/or efficacy
  • CAM-mediated anti-inflammatory action by targeting inflammasomes
  • In vivo CAM-mediated ameliorative effects for human diseases by targeting inflammasomes
  • Molecular and cellular mechanisms by which CAMs inhibit inflammatory responses by targeting inflammasomes
  • Identification and validation of the molecular targets, or biomarkers of CAMs, to modulate the inflammasome activation in the inflammatory responses and human diseases
  • Comparison of inflammasome-targeting CAMs with conventional anti-inflammatory drugs in human diseases
  • Nonclinical and clinical/translational studies of human diseases using CAMs targeting inflammasomes
  • New inflammasome-related CAMs/technologies with potential applications in diagnosing and treating human diseases

Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 7949545
  • - Editorial

Complementary and Alternative Therapies Targeting Inflammasomes for Human Diseases

Young-Su Yi | Tae Jin Lee
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 5809298
  • - Research Article

Different Intensity Exercise Preconditions Affect Cardiac Function of Exhausted Rats through Regulating TXNIP/TRX/NF-ĸBp65/NLRP3 Inflammatory Pathways

Yuemin Li | Peng Xu | ... | Xuebin Cao
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 3259795
  • - Research Article

Prognostic Inflammasome-Related Signature Construction in Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma Based on a Pan-Cancer Landscape

Tianyu Zheng | Xindong Wang | ... | Xu Yan
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 1561342
  • - Review Article

NLRP3 Inflammasome: A Potential Alternative Therapy Target for Atherosclerosis

Yang Liu | Chao Li | ... | Yunlun Li
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 4517587
  • - Review Article

Involvement of Cathepsins in Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses in Periodontitis

Xu Yan | Zhou Wu | ... | Xinwen Zhang
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 1303524
  • - Review Article

Research Progress on Anti-Inflammatory Effects and Mechanisms of Alkaloids from Chinese Medical Herbs

Sicong Li | Xin Liu | ... | Lei Bi
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 3495836
  • - Research Article

Electroacupuncture Ameliorates Cerebral I/R-Induced Inflammation through DOR-BDNF/TrkB Pathway

Yue Geng | Yeting Chen | ... | Xuesong Tian
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate27%
Submission to final decision68 days
Acceptance to publication33 days
CiteScore2.900
Impact Factor1.813
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