Emergency Medicine International / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome: An Important Cause of Acute Severe Headache

Table 1

Diagnostic criteria for RCVS [9].

Summary of critical elements for the diagnosis of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes

(1) Angiography (DSA, CTA, or MRA) documenting multifocal segmental cerebral artery vasoconstriction
(2) No evidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
(3) Normal or near-normal cerebrospinal fluid analysis (protein level <80 mg%, leukocytes <10 mm3, normal glucose level)
(4) Severe, acute headaches, with or without additional neurologic signs or symptoms.
(5) Reversibility of angiographic abnormalities within 12 weeks of symptom onset. If death occurs before the follow-up studies are completed, autopsy rules out such conditions as vasculitis, intracranial atherosclerosis, and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, which can also manifest with headache and stroke

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.