Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Emergency Medicine International
Volume 2015, Article ID 859130, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/859130
Clinical Study

Outcome of Concurrent Occult Hemothorax and Pneumothorax in Trauma Patients Who Required Assisted Ventilation

1Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, P.O. Box 3050, Doha, Qatar
2Department of Emergency, Hamad Medical Corporation, P.O. Box 3050, Doha, Qatar
3Clinical Research, Section of Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
4Clinical Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical School, P.O. Box 24144, Doha, Qatar
5Internal Medicine, Ahmed Maher Teaching Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Received 26 October 2014; Accepted 3 February 2015

Academic Editor: Seiji Morita

Copyright © 2015 Ismail Mahmood et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. M. Shorr, M. Crittenden, M. Indeck, S. L. Hartunian, and A. Rodriguez, “Blunt thoracic trauma: analysis of 515 patients,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 206, no. 2, pp. 200–205, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. H. Livingston and C. J. Hauser, “Trauma to the chest wall and lung,” in Trauma, E. E. Moore, D. V. Feliciano, and K. L. Mattox, Eds., pp. 507–537, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 5th edition, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  3. G. C. Clark, W. P. Schecter, and D. D. Trunkey, “Variables affecting outcome in blunt chest trauma: flail chest vs. pulmonary contusion,” The Journal of Trauma, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 298–304, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. T. Mowery, O. L. Gunter, B. R. Collier et al., “Practice management guidelines for management of hemothorax and occult pneumothorax,” Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 510–518, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I. M. Tocino, M. H. Miller, P. R. Frederick, A. L. Bahr, and F. Thomas, “CT detection of occult pneumothorax in head trauma,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 143, no. 5, pp. 987–990, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. T. Rhea, R. A. Novelline, J. Lawrason, R. Sacknoff, and A. Oser, “The frequency and significance of thoracic injuries detected on abdominal CT scans of multiple trauma patients,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 502–505, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. D. Wall, M. P. Federle, R. B. Jeffrey, and C. M. Brett, “CT diagnosis of unsuspected pneumothorax after blunt abdominal trauma,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 141, no. 5, pp. 919–921, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. A. de Moya, C. Seaver, K. Spaniolas et al., “Occult pneumothorax in trauma patients: development of an objective scoring system,” Journal of Trauma—Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 13–17, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. L. Eibenberger, W. I. Dock, M. E. Ammann, R. Dorffner, M. F. Hörmann, and F. Grabenwöger, “Quantification of pleural effusions: sonography versus radiography,” Radiology, vol. 191, no. 3, pp. 681–684, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. A. Ruskin, J. W. Gurney, M. K. Thorsen, and L. R. Goodman, “Detection of pleural effusions on supine chest radiographs,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 148, no. 4, pp. 681–684, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. L. Muller, “Imaging of the pleura,” Radiology, vol. 186, no. 2, pp. 297–309, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. L. Enderson, R. Abdalla, S. B. Frame et al., “Tube thoracostomy for occult pneumothorax: a prospective randomized study of its use,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 726–730, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. G. Ball, J. Lord, K. B. Laupland et al., “Chest tube complications: how well are we training our residents?” Canadian Journal of Surgery, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 450–458, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. O. Moore, P. W. Goslar, R. Coimbra et al., “Blunt traumatic occult pneumothorax: is observation safe?—results of a prospective, AAST multicenter study,” Journal of Trauma-Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 1019–1025, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. T. Wolfman, W. S. Myers, S. J. Glauser, J. W. Meredith, and M. Y. M. Chen, “Validity of CT classification on management of occult pneumothorax: a prospective study,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 171, no. 5, pp. 1317–1320, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. G. Bridges, G. Welch, M. Silver, M. A. Schinco, and B. Esposito, “CT detection of occult pneumothorax in multiple trauma patients,” The Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 179–186, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. M. Karnik and F. A. Khan, “Pneumothorax and barotrauma,” in Critical Care Medicine: Principles of Diagnosis and Management in the Adult, J. E. Parillo and R. P. Dellinger, Eds., pp. 930–948, Mosby, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 2nd edition, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. M. Wilson, C. H. Boren Jr., S. R. Peterson, and A. N. Thomas, “Traumatic hemothorax: is decortication necessary?” Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 489–495, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. A. Watkins, D. A. Spain, J. D. Richardson, and H. C. Polk Jr., “Empyema and restrictive pleural processes after blunt trauma: an under-recognized cause of respiratory failure,” The American Surgeon, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 210–214, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. C. Bailey, “Complications of tube thoracostomy in trauma,” Journal of Accident and Emergency Medicine, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 111–114, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. W. Etoch, M. F. Bar-Natan, F. B. Miller et al., “Tube thoracostomy: factors related to complications,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 130, no. 5, pp. 521–526, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. J. Brasel, R. E. Stafford, J. A. Weigelt, J. E. Tenquist, and D. C. Borgstrom, “Treatment of occult pneumothoraces from blunt trauma,” Journal of Trauma—Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 987–991, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Pinhu, T. Whitehead, T. Evans, and M. Griffiths, “Ventilator-associated lung injury,” The Lancet, vol. 361, no. 9354, pp. 332–340, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. W. Kirkpatrick, M. O. Meade, and T. E. Stewart, “Lung protective ventilatory strategies in ARDS,” in Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, J. L. Vincent, Ed., pp. 398–410, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  25. R. E. Stafford, J. Linn, and L. Washington, “Incidence and management of occult hemothoraces,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 192, no. 6, pp. 722–726, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. Mahmood, H. Abdelrahman, A. Al-Hassani, S. Nabir, M. Sebastian, and K. Maull, “Clinical management of occult hemothorax: a prospective study of 81 patients,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 201, no. 6, pp. 766–769, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. F. Bilello, J. W. Davis, and D. M. Lemaster, “Occult traumatic hemothorax: when can sleeping dogs lie?” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 190, no. 6, pp. 841–844, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. I. Mahmood, Z. Tawfeek, S. Khoschnau et al., “Occult hemopneumothorax following chest trauma does not need a chest tube,” European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 43–46, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. DuBose, K. Inaba, D. Demetriades et al., “Management of post-traumatic retained hemothorax: a prospective, observational, multicenter AAST study,” Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 11–24, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus