Table 4: Analysis of prehospital emergency medical services based cost-service (units: USD).

Principal operatorpersonnel compositionScenarioService typeDaily op. rateOp. costs

Independent Emergency service team Operation-[Operation Control Center Manpower]3-crew physician model (physician + nurse + driver)1field-to-hospital100%22.27
2field-to-hospital50%-32.15
Hospital-to-hospital25%66.61
Home-visiting25%86.77
2-crew physician model (physician + driver)3field-to-hospital100%18.16
4field-to-hospital50%-40.37
Hospital-to-hospital25%66.61
Home-visiting25%86.77
3-crew EMT model (nurse + nurse + driver)5field-to-hospital100%18.16
6field-to-hospital75%2.01
Hospital-to-hospital25%66.61
2-crew EMT model (nurse + driver)7field-to-hospital100%14.05
8field-to-hospital75%-3.47
Hospital-to-hospital25%66.61

Hospital organization utilized3-crew physician model (physician+nurse+driver)9field-to-hospital100%21.93
10field-to-hospital50%-24.88
Hospital-to-hospital25%76.83
Home-visiting25%60.63
2-crew physician model (physician+driver)11field-to-hospital100%17.82
12field-to-hospital50%-33.10
Hospital-to-hospital25%76.83
Home-visiting25%60.63
3-crew physician incentive model (physician + nurse + driver)13field-to-hospital100%8.52
14field-to-hospital50%-51.68
Hospital-to-hospital25%76.83
Home-visiting25%60.63
2-crew physician incentive model (physician + driver)15field-to-hospital100%8.24
16field-to-hospital50%-52.24
Hospital-to-hospital25%76.83
Home-visiting25%60.63

Police organization utilized3-crew EMT model (nurse + nurse + driver)17field-to-hospital100%17.82
18field-to-hospital75%7.26
Hospital-to-hospital25%49.50
2-crew EMT model (nurse + driver)19field-to-hospital100%13.71
20field-to-hospital75%1.78
Hospital-to-hospital25%49.50
3-crew EMT incentive model (nurse + nurse + driver)21field-to-hospital100%8.24
22field-to-hospital75%-5.51
Hospital-to-hospital25%49.50
2-crew EMT incentive model (nurse + driver)23field-to-hospital100%7.96
24field-to-hospital75%-5.88
Hospital-to-hospital25%49.50

denotes an income and Op. denotes operational cost.