Emergency Medicine International

Emergency Medicine International / 2020 / Article
Special Issue

Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest and Postcardiac Arrest Care

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Editorial | Open Access

Volume 2020 |Article ID 4053960 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4053960

Yan-Ren Lin, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Kee-Chong Ng, John M. Ryan, "Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest and Postcardiac Arrest Care", Emergency Medicine International, vol. 2020, Article ID 4053960, 2 pages, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4053960

Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest and Postcardiac Arrest Care

Received09 May 2020
Accepted11 May 2020
Published27 May 2020

A well-coordinated team, both in prehospital and in-hospital resuscitation, will save lives. For example, high performance cardiopulmonary resuscitation (HPCPR) and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), which were both established by closely coordinated teamwork, were recently demonstrated to shorten interruptive time of chest compression and reduce the postcardiac arrest syndrome, respectively [14]. Some leading councils (i.e., American Heart Association (AHA) and European Resuscitation Council (ERC)) pointed out the importance of group monitoring in performing resuscitation and emphasized the quality of postcardiac arrest care. Recently, AHA revised the golden guidelines for cardiac arrest resuscitation and postcardiac arrest care on January 2, 2018 [5]. Several leading journals also recently discussed how to increase the quality and outcome in the postcardiac arrest care (including strategic application of ECPR and hypothermia in treating pediatric or traumatic patients), thus making this topic hot and timely [1, 4, 6, 7]. The updated knowledge globally guides the treatment strategies of critical and emergency care. All new guidelines and knowledge can be clinically applied, challenged, and improved upon. In this special issue, we would like to provide an opportunity to introduce various related works discussing resuscitation for cardiac arrest and postcardiac arrest care.

In the field of oxygenation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or respiratory failure, Lee et al. introduced an animal study and demonstrated that continuous flow insufflation of oxygen using a one-way valve resulted in a greater level of oxygenation and less lung and brain injuries than intermittent positive pressure ventilation. Huang et al. performed a meta-analysis study and concluded that administering of high-flow nasal cannula therapy in the emergency department (ED) for respiratory failure patients might decrease the intubation rate compared with conventional oxygen therapy. Cho et al. investigated whether those capnometer readings could be easily affected by fluid exposure during treatment of critically ill patients. They prospectively compared the differences of the ETCO2 level between proximal or distal connecting direct connect catheter mount (DCCM) and found that application of DCCM onto the capnometer setting seems to be effective in reducing capnometer malfunctioning under fluid exposing conditions. Lee et al. investigated three-dimensional shapes and deformability of red blood cells (RBCs) during and after asphyxia cardiac arrest in rats. In their study, quantitative phase imaging results revealed that RBC membrane fluctuations, sphericity, and surface area did not change significantly during CPR or after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) compared with initial values.

Second, the association between definitive airway establishment and outcomes of patients were also discussed in this special issue. Choi et al. reported that the mean intubation time was significantly shorter in using I-gel blind intubation than using I-gel bronchoscopic intubation or Macintosh laryngoscope.

The other studies focused on the short/long-term outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. Hsu Chen et al. analyzed the risk of new-onset heart failure of 49,101 nontraumatic OHCA adult patients. They found that, in patients aged from 61 to 75 years, a history of myocardial infarction or cardiomyopathy, and ischemic heart disease or infection as comorbidities, occurring during hospitalization were strong risk factors for new-onset heart failure. However, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation could decrease this risk. Most heart failure events occurred within 60 days after OHCA. For young traumatic OHCA patients, Huang et al. pointed out that Injury Severity Score, Glasgow Coma Scale, and Revised Trauma Score were all associated with increased mortality, prolonged intensive care unit stay, and longer length of hospital stay. Kim et al. administered the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to 92 cardiac arrest survivors who were treated with targeted temperature management immediately after regaining consciousness. Cognitive impairments were common immediately after patients regained consciousness but recovered substantially before intensive care unit discharge. Moreover, they also reported hypoalbuminemia was common after cardiac arrest, and the serum albumin level at admission was associated with poor neurological outcomes at 6 months after cardiac arrest in patients treated with targeted temperature management. Choi et al. analyzed 6,335 OHCA patients. They found that both the EMS response times to OHCA events in high-rise buildings and the probability of a neurologically favorable discharge differed obviously between homes and public places. The prognosis of an OHCA patient was more likely to be affected by the building structure and use rather than the floor height.

This special issue highlights several articles that report improvements in OHCA-related oxygenation, airway management, resuscitation strategies, and outcomes. We strongly believe that readers will gain useful information from this issue.

Conflicts of Interest

The editors declare that they have no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this special issue.

Acknowledgments

The editors appreciate all authors who made contribution for this special issue. They hope this collection of articles will be useful to the scientific community.

Yan-Ren Lin
Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos
Kee-Chong Ng
John M. Ryan

References

  1. E. Gregers, J. Kjaergaard, F. Lippert et al., “Refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation at hospital arrival—survival and neurological outcome without extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Critical Care, vol. 22, no. 1, 2018. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  2. H. J. Park, W. J. Jeong, H. J. Moon et al., “Factors associated with high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by bystander,” Emergency Medicine International, vol. 2020, Article ID 8356201, 6 pages, 2020. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  3. Y. R. Lin, M. H. Wu, T. Y. Chen et al., “Time to epinephrine treatment is associated with the risk of mortality in children who achieve sustained ROSC after traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,” Critical Care, vol. 23, no. 1, 2019. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
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  6. J. J. Lin, Y. J. Lin, S. H. Hsia et al., “Early clinical predictors of neurological outcome in children with asphyxial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated with therapeutic hypothermia,” Frontiers in Pediatrics, vol. 7, p. 534, 2020. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  7. E. Corral Torres, A. Hernandez-Tejedor, R. Suarez Bustamante, R. de Elias Hernandez, I. Casado Florez, and A. San Juan Linares, “Prognostic value of venous blood analysis at the start of CPR in non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: association with ROSC and the neurological outcome,” Critical Care, vol. 24, no. 1, 2020. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar

Copyright © 2020 Yan-Ren Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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