Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Geofluids
Volume 2017, Article ID 8730749, 16 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8730749
Research Article

Retention of Nanoparticles: From Laboratory Cores to Outcrop Scale

Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Farzam Javadpour; ude.saxetu.geb@ruopdavaj.mazraf

Received 11 April 2017; Accepted 8 May 2017; Published 10 July 2017

Academic Editor: Jianchao Cai

Copyright © 2017 Harpreet Singh and Farzam Javadpour. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. K. Nune, P. Gunda, P. K. Thallapally, Y.-Y. Lin, M. Laird Forrest, and C. J. Berkland, “Nanoparticles for biomedical imaging,” Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1175–1194, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. V. Yigit and Z. Medarova, “n vivo and ex vivo applications of gold nanoparticles for biomedical SERS imagingi,” American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol. 2, pp. 232–241, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Y. Berezin, Nanotechnology for Biomedical Imaging and Diagnostics: From Nanoparticle Design to Clinical Applications, John Wiley & Sons, 2015.
  4. W. H. de Jong and P. J. A. Borm, “Drug delivery and nanoparticles: applications and hazards,” International Journal of Nanomedicine, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 133–149, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Z. Wilczewska, K. Niemirowicz, K. H. Markiewicz, and H. Car, “Nanoparticles as drug delivery systems,” Pharmacological Reports, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 1020–1037, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Ehtesabi, M. M. Ahadian, V. Taghikhani, and M. H. Ghazanfari, “Enhanced heavy oil recovery in sandstone cores using TiO2 nanofluids,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 423–430, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. Hendraningrat and O. Torsæter, “Metal oxide-based nanoparticles: revealing their potential to enhance oil recovery in different wettability systems,” Applied Nanoscience, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 181–199, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. L. Hendraningrat and O. Torsæter, “A study of water chemistry extends the benefits of using silica-based nanoparticles on enhanced oil recovery,” Applied Nanoscience, vol. 6, pp. 83–95, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  9. K. Xu, P. Zhu, C. Huh, and M. T. Balhoff, “Microfluidic Investigation of Nanoparticles Role in Mobilizing Trapped Oil Droplets in Porous Media,” Langmuir, vol. 31, no. 51, pp. 13673–13679, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. R. Rahmani, M. Ahmadian-Tehrani, and A. E. Athey, “Reservoir characterization and hydraulic fracture evaluation,” 2014, https://www.google.com/patents/WO2014144917A1?cl=en. View at Google Scholar
  11. K. Y. Yoon, The design and control of stability and magnetic properties of imaging nanoparticles [Dissertation], The University of Texas at Austin, 2012.
  12. C. An, Modeling of magnetic nanoparticles transport in shale reservoirs [Ph.D. thesis], 2014.
  13. X. Lv, B. Gao, Y. Sun et al., “Effects of grain size and structural heterogeneity on the transport and retention of nano-TiO2 in saturated porous media,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 563-564, pp. 987–995, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Cai, X. Hu, B. Xiao, Y. Zhou, and W. Wei, “Recent developments on fractal-based approaches to nanofluids and nanoparticle aggregation,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 105, pp. 623–637, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. W. Wei, J. Cai, X. Hu, Q. Han, S. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Fractal analysis of the effect of particle aggregation distribution on thermal conductivity of nanofluids,” Physics Letters A, vol. 380, no. 37, pp. 2953–2956, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. M. Caldelas, M. Murphy, C. Huh, and S. L. Bryant, Factors Governing Distance of Nanoparticle Propagation in Porous Media, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2011.
  17. A. Esfandyari Bayat, R. Junin, S. Shamshirband, and W. Tong Chong, “Transport and retention of engineered Al2O3, TiO2, and SiO2 nanoparticles through various sedimentary rocks,” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, article 14264, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. T. Kaasa, Investigation of how Silica Nanoparticle Adsorption Affects Wettability in Water-Wet Berea Sandstone, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2013.
  19. T. Zhang, Modeling of nanoparticle transport in porous media [Dissertation], The University of Texas at Austin, 2012.
  20. M. Ranka, P. Brown, and T. A. Hatton, “Responsive stabilization of nanoparticles for extreme salinity and high-temperature reservoir applications,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 7, no. 35, pp. 19651–19658, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. Rodriguez Pin, M. Roberts, H. Yu, C. Huh, and S. L. Bryant, Enhanced Migration of Surface-Treated Nanoparticles in Sedimentary Rocks, Society of Petroleum Engineers.
  22. H. Yu, Y. He, P. Li et al., “Flow enhancement of water-based nanoparticle dispersion through microscale sedimentary rocks,” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, article 8702, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. S. Lenchenkov, M. Slob, E. Van Dalen, G. Glasbergen, and C. Van Kruijsdijk, Oil Recovery from Outcrop Cores with Polymeric Nano-Spheres, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2016. View at Scopus
  24. W. Chen, L. Duan, and D. Zhu, “Adsorption of polar and nonpolar organic chemicals to carbon nanotubes,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 41, no. 24, pp. 8295–8300, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. X. Ma, D. Anand, X. Zhang, M. Tsige, and S. Talapatra, “Carbon nanotube-textured sand for controlling bioavailability of contaminated sediments,” Nano Research, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 412–422, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. X. Ma, D. Anand, X. Zhang, and S. Talapatra, “Adsorption and desorption of chlorinated compounds from pristine and thermally treated multiwalled carbon nanotubes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 115, no. 11, pp. 4552–4557, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. J. Murphy, Experimental analysis of electrostatic and hydrodynamic forces affecting nanoparticle retention in porous media [Ph.D. thesis], The University of Texas at Austin, 2012.
  28. B. Pan, D. Lin, H. Mashayekhi, and B. Xing, “Adsorption and hysteresis of bisphenol A and 17α-ethinyl estradiol on carbon nanomaterials,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 15, pp. 5480–5485, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. S. Sorbie, Polymer-Improved Oil Recovery, 1991.
  30. K. Yang, L. Zhu, and B. Xing, “Adsorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by carbon nanomaterials,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1855–1861, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. Yu, Transport and retention of surface-modified nanoparticles in sedimentary rocks [Dissertation], The University of Texas at Austin, 2012.
  32. J. Li and S. Ghoshal, “Comparison of the transport of the aggregates of nanoscale zerovalent iron under vertical and horizontal flow,” Chemosphere, vol. 144, pp. 1398–1407, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. P. Jaisi, N. B. Saleh, R. E. Blake, and M. Elimelech, “Transport of single-walled carbon nanotubes in porous media: filtration mechanisms and reversibility,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 22, pp. 8317–8323, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C.-H. Ko and M. Elimelech, “The 'shadow effect' in colloid transport and deposition dynamics in granular porous media: Measurements and mechanisms,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 34, no. 17, pp. 3681–3689, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C.-H. Ko, S. Bhattacharjee, and M. Elimelech, “Coupled influence of colloidal and hydrodynamic interactions on the RSA dynamic blocking function for particle deposition onto packed spherical collectors,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 229, no. 2, pp. 554–567, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. Li, Y. Wang, K. D. Pennell, and L. M. A. Briola, “Investigation of the transport and deposition of fullerene (C60) nanoparticles in quartz sands under varying flow conditions,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 19, pp. 7174–7180, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. N. B. Saleh, L. D. Pfefferle, and M. Elimelech, “Aggregation kinetics of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in aquatic systems: measurements and environmental implications,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 21, pp. 7963–7969, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. N. Tufenkji and M. Elimelech, “Correlation equation for predicting single-collector efficiency in physicochemical filtration in saturated porous media,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 529–536, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. Cullen, D. M. O'Carroll, E. K. Yanful, and B. Sleep, “Simulation of the subsurface mobility of carbon nanoparticles at the field scale,” Advances in Water Resources, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 361–371, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. F. El-Amin, J. Kou, S. Sun, and A. Salama, “Numerical modeling of nanoparticles transport with two-phase flow in porous media using iterative implicit method,” https://arxiv.org/abs/1310.4769.
  41. M. D. Becker, Y. Wang, K. D. Pennell, and L. M. Abriola, “A multi-constituent site blocking model for nanoparticle and stabilizing agent transport in porous media,” Environmental Science: Nano, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 155–166, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. N. Sun, M. Elimelech, N.-Z. Sun, and J. N. Ryan, “A novel two-dimensional model for colloid transport in physically and geochemically heterogeneous porous media,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 49, no. 3-4, pp. 173–199, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. H. Singh, S. A. Hosseini, and F. Javadpour, Enhanced CO2 Storage In Deep Saline Aquifers By Nanoparticles: Numerical Simulation Results, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2012.
  44. P. Babakhani, F. Fagerlund, A. Shamsai, G. V. Lowry, and T. Phenrat, “Modified MODFLOW-based model for simulating the agglomeration and transport of polymer-modified Fe0 nanoparticles in saturated porous media,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, pp. 1–20, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. T. Zhang, M. J. Murphy, H. Yu et al., “Investigation of nanoparticle adsorption during transport in porous media,” SPE Journal, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 667–677, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. T. Zhang, M. Murphy, H. Yu, C. Huh, and S. L. Bryant, “Mechanistic model for nanoparticle retention in porous media,” Transport in Porous Media, pp. 1–20, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. Singh and P. N. Azom, Integration of Nonempirical Shale Permeability Model in a Dual-Continuum Reservoir Simulator, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2013.
  48. H. Singh and F. Javadpour, A New Non-Empirical Approach to Model Transport of Fluids in Shale Gas Reservoirs, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2013.
  49. E. Goldberg, M. Scheringer, T. D. Bucheli, and K. Hungerbühler, “Critical assessment of models for transport of engineered nanoparticles in saturated porous media,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 48, no. 21, pp. 12732–12741, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. Y. Wang, Y. Li, J. D. Fortner, J. B. Hughes, L. M. Abriola, and K. D. Pennell, “Transport and retention of nanoscale C60 aggregates in water-saturated porous media,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 3588–3594, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. L. Xueying, D. M. O'Carroll, E. J. Petersen, H. Qingguo, and C. L. Anderson, “Mobility of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in porous media,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 43, no. 21, pp. 8153–8158, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. M. W. Becker and A. M. Shapiro, “Tracer transport in fractured crystalline rock: Evidence of nondiffusive breakthrough tailing,” Water Resources Research, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 1677–1686, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. Liu, Zhang, and Molz, Scale Dependence of the Effective Matrix Diffusion Coefficient: Evidence and Preliminary Interpretation, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA, 2006.
  54. H.-H. Liu, C. B. Haukwa, C. F. Ahlers, G. S. Bodvarsson, A. L. Flint, and W. B. Guertal, “Modeling flow and transport in unsaturated fractured rock: an evaluation of the continuum approach,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 62-63, pp. 173–188, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. H. H. Liu, G. S. Bodvarsson, and G. Zhang, “Scale dependency of the effective matrix diffusion coefficient,” Vadose Zone Journal, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 312–315, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. I. Neretnieks, “A stochastic multi-channel model for solute transport-analysis of tracer tests in fractured rock,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 55, no. 3-4, pp. 175–211, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. A. M. Shapiro, “Effective matrix diffusion in kilometer-scale transport in fractured crystalline rock,” Water Resources Research, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 507–522, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. Q. Zhou, H.-H. Liu, F. J. Molz, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Bodvarsson, “Field-scale effective matrix diffusion coefficient for fractured rock: results from literature survey,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 93, pp. 161–187, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  59. H. H. Liu, Y. Q. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and F. J. Molz, “An interpretation of potential scale dependence of the effective matrix diffusion coefficient,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 90, no. 1-2, pp. 41–57, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. L. W. Gelhar and C. L. Axness, “Three‐dimensional stochastic analysis of macrodispersion in aquifers,” Water Resources Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 161–180, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. C. V. Chrysikopoulos and V. E. Katzourakis, “Colloid particle size-dependent dispersivity,” Water Resources Research, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 4668–4683, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. S. A. Idris, K. M. Alotaibi, T. A. Peshkur, P. Anderson, M. Morris, and L. T. Gibson, “Adsorption kinetic study: effect of adsorbent pore size distribution on the rate of Cr (VI) uptake,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 165, pp. 99–105, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. L. M. Abriola, C. D. Drummond, E. J. Hahn et al., “Pilot-scale demonstration of surfactant-enhanced PCE solubilization at the Bachman Road site. 1. Site characterization and test design,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1778–1790, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. J. A. Christ, L. D. Lemke, and L. M. Abriola, “Comparison of two-dimensional and three-dimensional simulations of dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs): migration and entrapment in a nonuniform permeability field,” Water Resources Research, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. L. D. Lemke, L. M. Abriola, and J. R. Lang, “Influence of hydraulic property correlation on predicted dense nonaqueous phase liquid source zone architecture, mass recovery and contaminant flux,” Water Resources Research, vol. 40, no. 12, artcile W12417, pp. 1–18, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. K. Pulskamp, S. Diabaté, and H. F. Krug, “Carbon nanotubes show no sign of acute toxicity but induce intracellular reactive oxygen species in dependence on contaminants,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 168, no. 1, pp. 58–74, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. C. A. Ramsburg, L. M. Abriola, K. D. Pennell et al., “Stimulated microbial reductive dechlorination following surfactant treatment at the Bachman Road site,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 22, pp. 5902–5914, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. T. Rahman, H. Millwater, and H. J. Shipley, “Modeling and sensitivity analysis on the transport of aluminum oxide nanoparticles in saturated sand: effects of ionic strength, flow rate, and nanoparticle concentration,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 499, no. 1, pp. 402–412, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. D. Su, R. Ma, M. Salloum, and L. Zhu, “Multi-scale study of nanoparticle transport and deposition in tissues during an injection process,” Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 853–863, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. C. Tien and B. V. Ramarao, Granular Filtration of Aerosols and Hydrosols, Elsevier, 2011.
  71. M. Elimelech, “Effect of particle size on the kinetics of particle deposition under attractive double layer interactions,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 190–199, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. K.-M. Yao, M. T. Habibian, and C. R. O'Melia, “Water and waste water filtration: concepts and applications,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1105–1112, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  73. Z. Dai, A. Wolfsberg, Z. Lu, and H. Deng, “Scale dependence of sorption coefficients for contaminant transport in saturated fractured rock,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 1, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. H. Deng, Upscaling reactive transport parameters for porous and fractured porous media [Dissertation], Florida State University, 2009.
  75. H. Deng, Z. Dai, A. Wolfsberg, Z. Lu, M. Ye, and P. Reimus, “Upscaling of reactive mass transport in fractured rocks with multimodal reactive mineral facies,” Water Resources Research, vol. 46, no. 6, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. H. Singh, Scale-up of reactive processes in heterogeneous media [Dissertation], The University of Texas at Austin, 2014.
  77. H. Singh, “Representative elementary volume (REV) in spatio-temporal domain: a method to find REV for dynamic pores,” Journal of Earth Science, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 391–403, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  78. C. Kerans and K. Kempter, Hierarchical Stratigraphic Analysis of a Carbonate Platform, Permian of the Guadalupe Mountains, University of Texas, Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, 2002.
  79. C. Kerans, F. J. Lucia, and R. K. Senger, “Integrated characterization of carbonate ramp reservoirs using Permian San Andres Formation outcrop analogs,” Bulletin - American Association of Petroleum Geologists, vol. 78, pp. 181–216, 1994. View at Google Scholar