Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Geofluids
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9732575, 16 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9732575
Research Article

Pore Fluid Evolution Influenced by Volcanic Activities and Related Diagenetic Processes in a Rift Basin: Evidence from the Paleogene Medium-Deep Reservoirs of Huanghekou Sag, Bohai Bay Basin, China

1Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, China University of Geosciences, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430074, China
2Faculty of Earth Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
3Tianjin Branch of China National Offshore Oil Company Ltd., Tianjin 300452, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hongtao Zhu; nc.ude.guc@uhzth

Received 3 March 2017; Revised 20 May 2017; Accepted 6 June 2017; Published 13 July 2017

Academic Editor: Shuichang Zhang

Copyright © 2017 Zhongheng Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Bloch, R. H. Lander, and L. Bonnell, “Anomalously high porosity and permeability in deeply buried sandstone reservoirs: Origin and predictability,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 301–328, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. M. Ajdukiewicz, P. H. Nicholson, and W. L. Esch, “Prediction of deep reservoir quality using early diagenetic process models in the jurassic norphlet formation, gulf of Mexico,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 1189–1227, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. X. Pu, L. Zhou, W. Wang et al., “Medium-deep clastic reservoirs in the slope area of Qikou sag, Huanghua depression, Bohai Bay Basin,” Petroleum Exploration and Development, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 38–51, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Hao, X. Zhou, Y. Zhu, X. Bao, and Y. Yang, “Charging of the Neogene Penglai 19-3 field, Bohai Bay Basin, China: Oil accumulation in a young trap in an active fault zone,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 155–179, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. G. Xu and W. C. Lai, “Predication technologies of Paleogene mid-deep reservoir and their application in Bohai Sea,” China offshore oil and gas, vol. 4, pp. 231–236, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Jiang, D. S. Cai, X. M. Zhu, G. H. Zhu, and X. L. Hu, “Diagenesis of Liaozhong sag in Liaohe depression and pore evolution in its middle-deep strata,” Oil and Gas Geology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 362–369, 2007, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  7. Y.-J. Wang, M.-S. Feng, J. Wang, Q.-L. Xia, X.-H. Zhou, and W.-C. Lai, “Characteristics of high-quality reservoir of medium-deep paleogene in shinan slope area, bozhong depression,” Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 77–84, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Zhu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhou, and X. Yang, “Volcanic eruption phases and 3-D characterization of volcanic rocks in BZ34-9 block of Huanghekou Sag, Bohai Bay Basin,” Earth Science - Journal of China University of Geosciences, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1309–1316, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. L. Winter, C. M. Johnson, J. A. Simo, and J. W. Valley, “Paleozoic fluid history of the Michigan basin: Evidence from dolomite geochemistry in the middle Ordovician St. Peter Sandstone,” Journal of Sedimentary Research, no. 65, pp. 306–320, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Morad, K. Al-Ramadan, J. M. Ketzer, and L. F. De Ros, “The impact of diagenesis on the heterogeneity of sandstone reservoirs A review of the role of depositional facies and sequence stratigraphy,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 1267–1309, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. K. Bjørlykke and J. Jahren, “Open or closed geochemical systems during diagenesis in sedimentary basins: Constraints on mass transfer during diagenesis and the prediction of porosity in sandstone and carbonate reservoirs,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 96, no. 12, pp. 2193–2214, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. Ma, K. A. Eriksson, Y. Cao, Y. Jia, Y. Wang, and B. C. Gill, “Fluid flow and related diagenetic processes in a rift basin: Evidence from the fourth member of the Eocene Shahejie Formation interval, Dongying depression, Bohai Bay Basin, China,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 100, no. 11, pp. 1633–1662, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. L. C. Amajor and A. M. Gbadebo, “Oilfield brines of meteoric and connate origin in the eastern Niger Delta,” Journal of Petroleum Geology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 481–488, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Bjørlykke, “Fluid flow in sedimentary basins,” Sedimentary Geology, vol. 86, no. 1-2, pp. 137–158, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. A. Bustillo and A. M. Alonso-Zarza, “Overlapping of pedogenesis and meteoric diagenesis in distal alluvial and shallow lacustrine deposits in the Madrid Miocene Basin, Spain,” Sedimentary Geology, vol. 198, no. 3-4, pp. 255–271, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. W. Bishop, D. A. Osleger, I. P. Montãez, and D. Y. Sumner, “Meteoric diagenesis and fluid-rock interaction in the middle Permian capitan backreef: Yates formation, slaughter canyon, New Mexico,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 1495–1519, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Bjørlykke, “Clay mineral diagenesis in sedimentary basins - A key to the prediction of rock properties. Examples from the North Sea Basin,” Clay Minerals, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 14–34, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Bjørlykke, “Petroleum geoscience: From sedimentary environments to rock physics,” Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics, pp. 1–508, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. O. Amadi, R. P. Major, and L. R. Baria, “Origins of gypsum in deep carbonate reservoirs: Implications for hydrocarbon exploration and production,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 375–390, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. M. Bethke and S. Marshak, “Brine migrations across North America - the plate tectonics of groundwater,” Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, vol. 18, pp. 287–315, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. H. Hartmann, K. Ramseyer, and A. Matter, “Diagenesis and pore-water evolution in permian sandstones, gharif formation, Sultanate of Oman,” Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 533–544, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Wang, Y. Cao, K. Liu, J. Liu, X. Xue, and Q. Xu, “Pore fluid evolution, distribution and water-rock interactions of carbonate cements in red-bed sandstone reservoirs in the Dongying Depression, China,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 72, pp. 279–294, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. P. Dutton and R. G. Loucks, “Reprint of: Diagenetic controls on evolution of porosity and permeability in lower Tertiary Wilcox sandstones from shallow to ultradeep (200-6700m) burial, Gulf of Mexico Basin, U.S.A.,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1775–1787, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Morad, J. M. Ketzer, and L. R. De Ros, “Spatial and temporal distribution of diagenetic alterations in siliciclastic rocks: Implications for mass transfer in sedimentary basins,” Sedimentology, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 95–120, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Bjørlykke, “Relationships between depositional environments, burial history and rock properties. Some principal aspects of diagenetic process in sedimentary basins,” Sedimentary Geology, vol. 301, pp. 1–14, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. L. Wycherley, J. Parnell, G. R. Watt, H. Chen, and A. J. Boyce, “Indicators of hot fluid migration in sedimentary basins: Evidence from the UK Atlantic margin,” Petroleum Geoscience, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 357–374, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. Wang, X. H. Yang, Q. B. Wang, J. R. Ye, H. T. Zhu, and H. Li, “Characterization and controlling factors of sandstone reservoirs in basalt development areas: an example from comparison between BZ3-9 and KL6 area in South of Bohai Sea,” Earth Science, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 570–586, 2017, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. B. Allen, D. I. M. Macdonald, Z. Xun, S. J. Vincent, and C. Brouet-Menzies, “Early Cenozoic two-phase extension and late Cenozoic thermal subsidence and inversion of the Bohai Basin, northern China,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 14, no. 7-8, pp. 951–972, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L.-Y. Hsiao, S. A. Graham, and N. Tilander, “Seismic reflection imaging of a major strike-slip fault zone in a rift system: Paleogene structure and evolution of the Tan-Lu fault system, Liaodong Bay, Bohai, offshore China,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 71–97, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Qi and Q. Yang, “Cenozoic structural deformation and dynamic processes of the Bohai Bay basin province, China,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 757–771, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. T. Walker, “Evaluation of boron as a paleosalinity indicator and its application to offshore prospects,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 751–766, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. E. L. Couch, “Calculation of paleosalinities from boron and clay mineral data,” American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 1829–1837, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. Legler, J. W. Schneider, U. Gebhardt, D. Merten, and R. Gaupp, “Lake deposits of moderate salinity as sensitive indicators of lake level fluctuations: Example from the Upper Rotliegend saline lake (Middle-Late Permian, Northeast Germany),” Sedimentary Geology, vol. 234, no. 1-4, pp. 56–69, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. Ye, Y. Yang, X. Fang, and W. Zhang, “Late Eocene clay boron-derived paleosalinity in the Qaidam Basin and its implications for regional tectonics and climate,” Sedimentary Geology, vol. 346, pp. 49–59, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Landergren, “On the Distribution of Boron on Different Size Classes in Marine Clay Sediments,” GFF, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 104–107, 1958. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. M. Moore and R. C. Reynolds, X-ray Diffraction and the Identification and Analysis of Clay Minerals, Oxford University Press, 1997.
  37. S. Hillier, “Quantitative Analysis of Clay and other Minerals in Sandstones by X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD),” Clay Mineral Cements in Sandstones, pp. 663–676, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  38. G. Chen, “Zeolite minerals and their relation to oil and gas accumulation in the reservoir formations in karamay oil field,” Acta Petrolei Sinica, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 45–51, 1992, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  39. R. H. Mariner and R. C. Surdam, “Alkalinity and formation of zeolites in saline alkaline lakes,” Science, vol. 170, no. 3961, pp. 979-980, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. Han, H. Yu, C. Si, S. Chen, N. Chen, and L. Yu, “Corrosion of analcite in reservoir of Junggar Basin,” Shiyou Xuebao/Acta Petrolei Sinica, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 51–62, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. F. Zhu, X. M. Zhu, X. L. Wang, and Z. Y. Liu, “Zeolite diagenesis and its control on petroleum reservoir quality of Permian in northwestern margin of Junggar Basin, China,” Science China Earth Sciences, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 386–396, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. L. Hay, “Zeolites and zeolitic reactions in sedimentary rocks,” Special Paper of the Geological Society of America, vol. 85, pp. 1–122, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. D. Su and C. L. Dai, “Geological feature and genesis of zeolite in the Mesozoic Volcanic Rocks in east China,” Scientia Geologica Sinica, vol. 2, pp. 116–125, 1983, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  44. H. Li, Y. Q. Liu, H. Liang et al., “Lithology and original analysis of sublacustrine hydrothermal deposits characterized by analcime, sanidine, dolomite, quaterz, etc. in Lucaogou Formation, Middile Permian, Santanghu Basin, Northeast Xinjiang, China,” Acta Petrolei Sinica, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 205–218, 2012, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  45. G. K. Moncure, R. C. Surdam, and H. L. McKague, “Zeolite diagenesis below pahute mesa, nevada test site,” Clays and Clay Minerals, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 385–396, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. L. Bettison-Varga and I. D. R. Mackinnon, “The role of randomly mixed-layered chlorite/smectite in the transformation of smectite to chlorite,” Clays and Clay Minerals, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 506–516, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. Lindgreen, V. A. Drits, B. A. Sakharov et al., “The structure and diagenetic transformation of illite-smectite and chlorite-smectite from North Sea Cretaceous-Tertiary chalk,” Clay Minerals, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 429–450, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. S. M. Xu, C. M. Lin, X. F. Wang et al., “Diagenesis and Its Effect on Reservoir of Member 2-3 of the Lower Shihezi Formation in Daniudi Gas Field, Ordos Basin,” Geoscience, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 909–916, 2011, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  49. K. Bjørlykke, “Open-system chemical behaviour of Wilcox Group mudstones. How is large scale mass transfer at great burial depth in sedimentary basins possible? A discussion,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 1381-1382, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. F. L. Lynch, L. E. Mack, and L. S. Land, “Burial diagenesis of illite/smectite in shales and the origins of authigenic quartz and secondary porosity in sandstones,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 1995–2006, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. Y. M. Metwally and E. M. Chesnokov, “Clay mineral transformation as a major source for authigenic quartz in thermo-mature gas shale,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 55, pp. 138–150, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. B. Thyberg, J. Jahren, T. Winje, K. Bjørlykke, J. I. Faleide, and Ø. Marcussen, “Quartz cementation in Late Cretaceous mudstones, northern North Sea: Changes in rock properties due to dissolution of smectite and precipitation of micro-quartz crystals,” Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1752–1764, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. P. C. Bennett, “Quartz dissolution in organic-rich aqueous systems,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 1781–1797, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. A. J. Gratz and P. Bird, “Quartz dissolution: Theory of rough and smooth surfaces,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 977–989, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. P. M. Dove, “The dissolution kinetics of quartz in sodium chloride solutions at 25° to 300°C,” American Journal of Science, vol. 294, no. 6, pp. 665–712, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. J. W. Tester, W. G. Worley, B. A. Robinson, C. O. Grigsby, and J. L. Feerer, “Correlating quartz dissolution kinetics in pure water from 25 to 625°C,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 2407–2420, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. W. G. Worley, J. W. Tester, and C. O. Grigsby, “Quartz Dissolution Kinetics from 100-200°C as a Function of pH and Ionic Strength,” AIChE Journal, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 3442–3455, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. L. W. Qiu, Z. X. Jiang, W. X. Chen, X. H. Li, and Z. D. Xiong, “A new type of secondary porosity Quartz Dissolution Poroity,” Acta Petrolei Sinica, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 621–627, 2002, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  59. D. L. Han, Z. Li, and W. F. Li, “Heterogeneous Features of Quartz Grain Dissolution of Cretaceous Sandstone Reservoir in the Kuqa Depression and Its Major Controlling factors,” Acta Geologica Sinica, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 257–261, 2011, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  60. H. Zhu, D. Zhong, J. Yao et al., “Alkaline diagenesis and its effects on reservoir porosity: a case study of Upper Triassic Chang 7 tight sandstones in Ordos Basin, NW China,” Petroleum Exploration and Development, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 51–59, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. R. L. Cullers, “The controls on the major and trace element variation of shales, siltstones, and sandstones of Pennsylvanian-Permian age from uplifted continental blocks in Colorado to platform sediment in Kansas, USA,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 58, no. 22, pp. 4955–4972, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. Y. Miao, S. X. Sang, S. Y. Chen, C. J. Liu, and J. B. Ouyang, “Trace element characteristics and their geological significances in Permo-Carboniferous dark mudstone in Jiyang Depression,” Geochimica, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 57–67, 2009, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  63. R. C. Zheng and M. Q. Liu, “Study on Palaeosalinity of Chang-6 oil Reservoir set in Ordos Basin,” Oil and Gas Geology, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 20–25, 1999, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  64. Z. J. Zhu, H. D. Chen, L. B. Lin, and Y. Fan, “Signification and characteristic of the trace element ratios of the sandstone in silurian xiaoheba formation in southeastern sichuan province and western hunan province,” Geological Sciences and Technology Information, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 24–30, 2010, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  65. G. Liu and D. S. Zhou, “Application of microelements analysis in identifying sedimentary environment,” Petroleum Geology and Experiment, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 307–310, 2007, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  66. E. F. McBride, “Diagenetic processes that affect provenance determination in sandstones,” in Provenance of arenites, pp. 95–113, Spring Netherlands, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  67. S. Morad, “Albitized microcline grains of post-depositional and probable detrital origins in Brøttum Formation sandstones (Upper Proterozoic), Sparagmite Region of southern Norway,” Geological Magazine, vol. 125, no. 3, pp. 229–239, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. K. L. Milliken, “Late Diagenesis and Mass Transfer in Sandstone-Shale Sequences,” Treatise on Geochemistry, vol. 7-9, pp. 159–190, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. G. F. Yang, S. G. Zhuo, B. Niu, and J. J. Er, “Albitization of detrital feldspar in cretaceous sandstones from the songliao basin,” Geological Review, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 155–161, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  70. YB. Chai, B. Yang, QB. Wang, CM. Niu, and H. Li, “A contrastive analysis on the impact of volcanic rock on compaction of BZ34 area in Huanghekou Depression,” Geological Science and Technology Information, no. 1, pp. 80–86, 2016, [In Chinese with English abstract]. View at Google Scholar
  71. S. T. Paxton, J. O. Szabo, J. M. Ajdukiewicz, and R. E. Klimentidis, “Construction of an intergranular volume compaction curve for evaluating and predicting compaction and porosity loss in rigid-grain sandstone reservoirs,” AAPG Bulletin, vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 2047–2067, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus