Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2009, Article ID 701019, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/701019
Research Article

A Comparison of Dysautonomias Comorbid with Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome and with Migraine

1Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
2Rainbow Babies Children's Hospital, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106-6031, USA
3Autonomic Laboratory, Neurological Institute, Cleveland, OH 44106-6031, USA

Received 17 June 2009; Revised 16 October 2009; Accepted 18 October 2009

Academic Editor: Paolo Gionchetti

Copyright © 2009 Gisela Chelimsky et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) shares many features with migraine headache, including auras, photophobia, and antimigrainous treatment response being traditionally viewed as a migraine variant. Aims. To determine whether CVS is associated with the same disorders as migraine headache, and compare these associations to those in healthy control subjects. Methods. Cross-sectional study of patients utilizing the ODYSA instrument, evaluating the probability of 12 functional/autonomic diagnoses, CVS, migraine, orthostatic intolerance (OI), reflex syncope, interstitial cystitis, Raynaud's syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), irritable bowel syndrome, functional dyspepsia, functional abdominal pain, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Control subjects were age-matched gender-matched friends. Patients had to fulfill criteria for CVS or migraine, while control subjects could not. Results. 103 subjects were studied, 21 with CVS, 46 with migraine and 36 healthy controls. CVS and migraine did not differ in the relative frequencies of fibromyalgia, OI, syncope, and functional dyspepsia. However, CVS patients did demonstrate a significantly elevated frequency of CRPS. Conclusions. Although CVS and migraine clearly share many of the same comorbidities, they do differ in one important association, suggesting that they may not be identical in pathophysiology. Since OI is common in CVS, treatment strategies could also target this abnormality.