Table 3: Risk of fracture in celiac disease.


Marshall et al., 1996 [55]DXA assessment does not accurately predict fracture risk
Vestergaard and Mosekilde, 2002 [59]No differences before and after diagnosis of CD
Thomason et al., 2003 [58]No difference in fracture history between CD and control patients
Jafri et al., 2008 [57]Fracture risk is higher in CD patients, even on GFD
Sanchez et al., 2011 [56]Fracture risk is comparable between CD and control patients

DXA: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; CD: celiac disease; GFD: gluten-free diet.