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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 301541, 8 pages
Review Article

Advanced Endoscopic Imaging for Diagnosis of Crohn's Disease

1Department of Medicine In, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91054 Erlange, Germany
2Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Infectious Diseases, Marienhospital Bottrop gGmbH, 46236 Bottrop, Germany
3Institute of Pathology, Klinikum Bayreuth, 95445 Bayreuth, Germany

Received 29 August 2011; Accepted 12 September 2011

Academic Editor: P. Gionchetti

Copyright © 2012 Helmut Neumann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Endoscopy in IBD has tremendous importance to diagnose inflammatory activity, to evaluate therapeutic success and for the surveillance of colitis associated cancer. Thus it becomes obvious that there is a need for new and more advanced endoscopic imaging techniques for better characterization of mucosal inflammation and early neoplasia detection in IBD. This paper describes the concept of advanced endoscopic imaging for the diagnosis and characterization of Crohn's disease, including magnification endoscopy, chromoendoscopy, balloon-assisted enteroscopy, capsule endoscopy, confocal laser endomicroscopy, and endocytoscopy.