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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 483417, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/483417
Review Article

Factors Influencing Colorectal Cancer Screening Participation

Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Canary Islands, 38320 Tenerife, La Laguna, Spain

Received 14 September 2011; Accepted 18 October 2011

Academic Editor: Enrique Quintero

Copyright © 2012 Antonio Z. Gimeno García. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem worldwide. Although population-based CRC screening is strongly recommended in average-risk population, compliance rates are still far from the desirable rates. High levels of screening uptake are necessary for the success of any screening program. Therefore, the investigation of factors influencing participation is crucial prior to design and launches a population-based organized screening campaign. Several studies have identified screening behaviour factors related to potential participants, providers, or health care system. These influencing factors can also be classified in non-modifiable (i.e., demographic factors, education, health insurance, or income) and modifiable factors (i.e., knowledge about CRC and screening, patient and provider attitudes or structural barriers for screening). Modifiable determinants are of great interest as they are plausible targets for interventions. Interventions at different levels (patient, providers or health care system) have been tested across the studies with different results. This paper analyzes factors related to CRC screening behaviour and potential interventions designed to improve screening uptake.