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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 683213, 7 pages
Review Article

Review of Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy and Current Controversies

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Florida, P.O. Box 100109, Gainesville, FL 32610-0109, USA

Received 19 March 2012; Revised 1 June 2012; Accepted 8 June 2012

Academic Editor: Yong Song Guan

Copyright © 2012 T. Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Esophagectomy is a complex operation with significant morbidity and mortality. Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) was described in the 1990s in an effort to reduce operative morbidity. Since then many institutions have adopted and described their series with this technique. This paper reviews the literature on the variety of MIE techniques, clinical and quality of life outcomes with open versus MIE, and controversies surrounding MIE—such as prone positioning, stapling techniques, size of the gastric conduit, and robotic techniques.