Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 758202, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/758202
Clinical Study

Implementation of Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Early Colorectal Neoplasms in Sweden

1Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Surgery, Malmö, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, 205 02 Malmö, Sweden
2Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka 537-8511, Japan
3Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Endoscopy, Malmö, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, 205 02 Malmö, Sweden

Received 10 April 2013; Accepted 14 June 2013

Academic Editor: Yoji Takeuchi

Copyright © 2013 Henrik Thorlacius et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective method for en bloc removal of large colorectal tumors in Japan, but this technique is not yet widely established in western countries. The purpose here was to report the experience of implementing colorectal ESD in Sweden. Methods. Twenty-nine patients with primarily nonmalignant and early colorectal neoplasms considered to be too difficult to remove en bloc with EMR underwent ESD. Five cases of invasive cancer underwent ESD due to high comorbidity excluding surgical intervention or as an unexpected finding. Results. The median age of the patients was 74 years. The median tumor size was 26 mm (range 11–89 mm). The median procedure time was 142 min (range 57–291 min). En bloc resection rate was 72% and the R0 resection rate was 69%. Two perforations occurred amounting to a perforation rate of 6.9%. Both patients with perforation could be managed conservatively. One bleeding occurred during ESD but no postoperative bleeding was observed. Conclusion. Our data confirms that ESD is an effective method for en bloc resection of large colorectal adenomas and early cancers. This study demonstrates that implementation of colorectal ESD is feasible in Sweden after proper training, careful patient selection, and standardization of the ESD procedure.