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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2013, Article ID 760574, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/760574
Research Article

Obesity and Gastrointestinal Diseases

1Department of Gastroenterology, Toranomon Hospital, 2-2-2, Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8470, Japan
2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Toho University, Omori Medical Center, 6-11-1 Omorinishi, Otaku, Tokyo 143-8541, Japan

Received 26 February 2013; Accepted 7 May 2013

Academic Editor: Antoni Castells

Copyright © 2013 Ai Fujimoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The prevalence of obesity in the Japanese population has been increasing dramatically in step with the Westernization of lifestyles and food ways. Our study demonstrated significant associations between obesity and a number of gastrointestinal disorders in a large sample population in Japan. We demonstrated that reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia were strongly related to obesity (BMI > 25) in the Japanese. In particular, obesity with young male was a high risk for these diseases. On the other hand, it has been reported that obesity is also associated with Barrett’s esophagus and colorectal adenoma; however, obesity was not a risk factor for these diseases in our study. The difference of ethnicity of our subjects may partly explain why we found no data to implicate obesity as a risk factor for Barrett’s esophagus. Arterial sclerosis associated with advanced age and hyperglycemia was accompanied by an increased risk of colorectal adenoma.