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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 530140, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/530140
Review Article

Laparoscopic Reversal of Hartmann’s Procedure: State of the Art 20 Years after the First Reported Case

1Department of Surgery, Taormina Hospital, 98034 Messina, Italy
2Hepatology Unit, Department of Medical and Pediatric Science, University of Catania, 95100 Catania, Italy
3Department of Surgical Sciences, Organ Transplantation and Advanced Technologies, University of Catania, Cannizzaro Hospital, Via Messina 829, 95100 Catania, Italy
4Department of Surgery, Cannizzaro Hospital, 95126 Catania, Italy
5Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, P.O. Box 3050 Doha, Qatar
6Endocrine Surgical Unit, “Policlinico e Vittorio Emanuele” Hospital, University of Catania, 95100 Catania, Italy
7General Surgery and Senology Unit, Department of Surgery, “Policlinico e Vittorio Emanuele” Hospital, University of Catania Medical School, 95100 Catania, Italy
8Radiology Unit, Guzzardi Hospital, 97019 Vittoria, Italy

Received 14 January 2014; Revised 1 July 2014; Accepted 3 July 2014; Published 21 August 2014

Academic Editor: Alfred Gangl

Copyright © 2014 Adriana Toro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Aim of the present work is to review the literature to point out the role of laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann procedure. Material and Methods. Number of patients, age, sex, etiology, Hinchey classification, interval between procedure and reversal, position of the first trocars, mean operative time (min), number and causes of conversion, length of stay, mortality, complications, and quality of life were considered. Results. 238 males (52.4%) and 216 females (47.6%) between 38 and 67 years were analyzed. The etiology was diverticulitis in 292 patients (72.1%), carcinoma in 43 patients (10.6%), and other in 70 patients (17.3%). Only 7 articles (22.6%) reported Hinchey classification. The interval between initial procedure and reversal was between 50 and 330 days. The initial trocar was open positioned in 182 patients (43.2%) through umbilical incision, in 177 patients (41.9%) in right upper quadrant, and in 63 patients (14.9%) in colostomy site. The operative time was between 69 and 285 minutes. A total of 83 patients (12.1%) were converted and the causes were reported in 67.4%. The length of stay was between 3 and 12 days. 5 patients (0.7%) died. The complications concern 112 cases (16.4%). Conclusion. The laparoscopic Hartmann’s reversal is safer and achieves faster positive results.