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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 278905, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/278905
Research Article

Helicobacter pylori Infection Is Associated with an Increased Risk of Hyperemesis Gravidarum: A Meta-Analysis

1Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China
2First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China
3Department of Respiratory Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China

Received 16 December 2014; Revised 13 February 2015; Accepted 22 February 2015

Academic Editor: Haruhiko Sugimura

Copyright © 2015 Lin Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Several studies have shown a possible involvement of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in individuals with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), but the relationship remains controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to validate and strengthen the association between HG and H. pylori infection. Methods. PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases up to March 20, 2014, were searched to select studies on the prevalence of H. pylori infection between pregnant women with HG and the normal pregnant control subjects. Results. Of the HG cases, 1289 (69.6%) were H. pylori-positive; however, 1045 (46.2%) were H. pylori-positive in control group. Compared to the non-HG normal pregnant controls, infection rate of H. pylori was significantly higher in pregnant women with HG (OR = 3.34, 95% CI: 2.32–4.81, ). Subgroup analysis indicated that H. pylori infection was a risk factor of HG in Asia, Africa, and Oceania, especially in Africa (OR = 12.38, 95% CI: 7.12–21.54, ). Conclusions. H. pylori should be considered one of the risk factors of HG, especially in the developing countries. H. pylori eradication could be considered to relieve the symptoms of HG in some intractable cases.