Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2015, Article ID 717349, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/717349
Research Article

Primary Antimicrobial Susceptibility Changes in Children with Helicobacter pylori Infection over 13 Years in Northern Italy

1Department of Pediatrics, “Pietro Barilla” Children’s Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, University Hospital, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
2Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, University Hospital, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy

Received 6 October 2014; Accepted 19 March 2015

Academic Editor: Dimitris S. Ladas

Copyright © 2015 Marco Manfredi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Malfertheiner, F. Megraud, C. A. O'Morain et al., “Management of Helicobacter pylori infection—the Maastricht IV/Florence consensus report,” Gut, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 646–664, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. L. Tong, Z. H. Ran, J. Shen, and S. D. Xiao, “Sequential therapy vs. standard triple therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 41–53, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Francavilla, E. Lionetti, and L. Cavallo, “Sequential treatment for Helicobacter pylori eradication in children,” Gut, vol. 57, no. 8, article 1178, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. Glocker, H.-P. Stueger, and M. Kist, “Quinolone resistance in Helicobacter pylori isolates in Germany,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 346–349, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. C. Thijs, A. A. van Zwei, W. J. Thijs et al., “Diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori: a prospective evaluation of their accuracy, without selecting a single test as the gold standard,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 2125–2129, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. F. Dixon, R. M. Genta, J. H. Yardley, and P. Correa, “Classification and grading of gastritis. The updated Sydney system. International workshop on the histopathology of gastritis, Houston 1994,” The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 1161–1181, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  7. C. Almeida, N. F. Azevedo, and M. J. Vieira, “Identification of H. pylori from biopsies: culture, PCR and FISH,” in Helicobacter pylori: Detection Methods, Diseases and Health Implications, M. Manfredi and G. L. d'Angelis, Eds., Detection Methods, Invasive Procedures, Unusual Techniques, chapter 4, Nova Science Publishers, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. Koletzko, N. L. Jones, K. J. Goodman et al., “Evidence-based guidelines from ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN for Helicobacter pylori infection in children,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 230–243, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Megraud, S. Coenen, A. Versporten et al., “Helicobacter pylori resistance to antibiotics in Europe and its relationship to antibiotic consumption,” Gut, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 34–42, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Francavilla, E. Lionetti, S. Castellaneta et al., “Clarithromycin-resistant genotypes and eradication of Helicobacter pylori,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 157, no. 2, pp. 228–232, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S.-H. Choi, E. Y. Kim, and Y.-J. Kim, “Systemic use of fluoroquinolone in children,” Korean Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 196–201, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Manfredi and G. L. de'Angelis, “Eradication of Helicobacter pylori: in search of a better therapy,” Clinical Microbiology, vol. 1, article e101, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. E. Street, P. Caruana, C. Caffarelli et al., “Antibiotic resistance and antibiotic sensitivity based treatment in Helicobacter pylori infection: advantages and outcome,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 84, no. 5, pp. 419–422, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Glupczynski, M. Labbé, W. Hansen, F. Crokaert, and E. Yourassowsky, “Evaluation of the E test for quantitative antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Helicobacter pylori,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 2072–2075, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Porowska, M. T. Mascellino, and C. Severi, “Letter: surveillance of Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance,” Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 36, no. 11-12, p. 1102, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. I. M. Saracino, A. Zullo, J. Holton et al., “High prevalence of primary antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori isolates in Italy,” Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 363–365, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Selgrad and P. Malfertheiner, “Commentary: is Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance surveillance needed and how can it be delivered?” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 197–198, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Horvath, P. Dziechciarz, and H. Szajewska, “Meta-analysis: sequential therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication in children,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 534–541, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Crone, G. Granditsch, W.-D. Huber et al., “Helicobacter pylori in children and adolescents: increase of primary clarithromycin resistance, 1997–2000,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 368–371, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J.-H. Seo, J.-S. Jun, J. S. Yeom et al., “Changing pattern of antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori in children during 20 years in Jinju, South Korea,” Pediatrics International, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 332–336, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Vecsei, A. Kipet, A. Innerhofer et al., “Time trends of Helicobacter pylori resistance to antibiotics in children living in Vienna, Austria,” Helicobacter, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 214–220, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. N. Kalach, L. Serhal, E. Asmar et al., “Helicobacter pylori primary resistant strains over 11 years in French children,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 217–222, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Oleastro, J. Cabral, P. M. Ramalho et al., “Primary antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from portuguese children: a prospective multicentre study over a 10 year period,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 2308–2311, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. Vakil and D. Vaira, “Treatment for H. pylori infection: new challenges with antimicrobial resistance,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 383–388, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Kato and S. Fujimura, “Primary antimicrobial resistance of Helicobacter pylori in children during the past 9 years,” Pediatrics International, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 187–190, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. W. Lee, N. Kim, J. M. Kim et al., “Prevalence of primary and secondary antimicrobial resistance of Helicobacter pylori in Korea from 2003 through 2012,” Helicobacter, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 206–214, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Zullo, V. De Francesco, and C. Hassan, “Predicting Helicobacter pylori eradication: how to teach an old dog new tricks!,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 259–261, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Zullo, F. Perna, C. Hassan et al., “Primary antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori strains isolated in northern and central Italy,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1429–1434, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. F. Mégraud, “H. pylori antibiotic resistance: prevalence, importance, and advances in testing,” Gut, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1374–1384, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus