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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 3786418, 11 pages
Review Article

Cytokines as Early Markers of Colorectal Anastomotic Leakage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, 3015 CN Rotterdam, Netherlands
2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China
3Department of Surgery, Havenziekenhuis Rotterdam, 3011 TD Rotterdam, Netherlands
4Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus University Medical Center, 3015 CN Rotterdam, Netherlands

Received 17 November 2015; Revised 13 February 2016; Accepted 18 February 2016

Academic Editor: Pedram Heidari

Copyright © 2016 Cloë L. Sparreboom et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary Material

Fig S1. Forest plot with 95% confidence interval (CI) of the mean difference of peritoneal levels of IL-1β (ng/mL) between anastomotic leakage (AL) patients and non-anastomotic (non-AL) leakage patients per postoperative day (POD) 1 (=a), 2 (=b) and 3 (=c). The results did not show significant differences between patients with and without CAL on each respective day.

  1. Supplementary Material