Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 6293538, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6293538
Review Article

Diagnosis and Treatment of Biliary Fistulas in the Laparoscopic Era

II Unit of General Surgery, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Department of Biochemical Sciences L. Sacco, University of Milan, Via G.B. Grassi 74, 20157 Milan, Italy

Received 30 June 2015; Accepted 23 August 2015

Academic Editor: Michel Kahaleh

Copyright © 2016 M. Crespi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Trivellini, Chirurgia delle Vie Biliari, Capelli, Bologna, Italy, 1968.
  2. C. B. Puestow, Surgery of the Biliary Tract, Pancreas and Spleen, Year Book Medical Publishers, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1953.
  3. H. Kabiri, A. Chafik, S. Al Aziz, A. El Maslout, and A. Benosman, “Traitement des fistules biliobronchiques et bilio-pleuro-bronchiques d’origine hydatique par thoracotomie,” Annales de Chirurgie, vol. 125, no. 7, pp. 654–659, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. A. Beltrán, “Mirizzi syndrome: history, current knowledge and proposal of a simplified classification,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 18, no. 34, pp. 4639–4650, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. Nuzzo, F. Giuliante, I. Giovannini et al., “Bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: results of an Italian National Survey on 56,591 cholecystectomies,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 140, no. 10, pp. 986–992, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. J. Moore and C. L. Bennet, “The learning curve for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The Southern Surgeons Club,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 170, no. 1, pp. 55–59, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Joseph, M. R. Phillips, T. M. Farrell, and C. C. Rupp, “Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with a higher bile duct injury rate: a review and a word of caution,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 256, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. C. Visser, R. W. Parks, and O. J. Garden, “Open cholecystectomy in the laparoendoscopic era,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 195, no. 1, pp. 108–114, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Abou-Saif and F. H. Al-Kawas, “Complications of gallstone disease: mirizzi syndrome, cholecystocholedochal fistula, and gallstone ileus,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 249–254, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Kehr, Die in neinrklinicguebtetechnik de gallensteinoperationen, miteinenhinweis auf die indikationen und die dauerersolge, JF Lehman, Munchen, Germany, 1905.
  11. P. L. Mirizzi, “Sindrome del conductohepatico,” Journal International de Chirurgie, vol. 8, pp. 731–777, 1948. View at Google Scholar
  12. C. B. Puestow, “Spontaneous internal biliary fistulae,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 115, pp. 1043–1054, 1942. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Csendes, J. C. Diaz, P. Burdiles, F. Maluenda, and O. Nava, “Mirizzi syndrome and cholecystobiliary fistula: a unifying classification,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 76, no. 11, pp. 1139–1143, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. A. Beltran, A. Csendes, and K. S. Cruces, “The relationship of Mirizzi syndrome and cholecystoenteric fistula: validation of a modified classification,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 2237–2243, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Katsinelos, S. Dimiropoulos, P. Tsolkas et al., “Successful treatment of duodenal bulb obstruction caused by a gallstone (Bouveret's syndrome) after endoscopic mechanical lithotripsy,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 16, article 1363, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. A. Ford, M. Soop, J. Du, B. P. T. Loveday, and M. Rodgers, “Systematic review of intraoperative cholangiography in cholecystectomy,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 160–167, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. S. Sajid, C. Leaver, Z. Haider, T. Worthington, N. Karanjia, and K. K. Singh, “Routine on-table cholangiography during cholecystectomy: a systematic review,” Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 375–380, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Hashimoto, M. Matsuda, and G. Watanabe, “Intraoperative ultrasonography for reducing bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy,” Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol. 57, no. 101, pp. 706–709, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Bismuth, Post-Operative Strictures of the Bile Duct in ‘The Biliary Tract’, edited by: L. H. Blumgart, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1982.
  20. S. C. Schmidt, J. M. Langrehr, R. E. Hintze, and P. Neuhaus, “Long-term results and risk factors influencing outcome of major bile duct injuries following cholecystectomy,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 76–82, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. O. Machado, “Biliary complications post laparoscopic cholecystectomy: mechanism, preventive measures and approach to management: a review,” Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy, vol. 2011, Article ID 967017, 9 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. L. Kaman, S. Sanyal, A. Behera, R. Singh, and R. N. Katariya, “Comparison of major bile duct injuries following laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy,” ANZ Journal of Surgery, vol. 76, no. 9, pp. 788–791, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Costi, A. Gnocchi, F. Di Mario, and L. Sarli, “Diagnosis and management of choledocholithiasis in the golden age of imaging, endoscopy and laparoscopy,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 20, no. 37, pp. 13382–13401, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Safioleas, M. Stamatakos, P. Safioleas, A. Smyrnis, C. Revenas, and C. Safioleas, “Mirizzi syndrome: an unexpected problem of cholelithiasis. Our experience with 27 cases,” International Seminars in Surgical Oncology, vol. 5, article 12, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Yonetci, U. Kutluana, M. Yilmaz, U. Sungurtekin, and K. Tekin, “The incidence of Mirizzi syndrome in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography,” Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 520–524, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Lakhtakia, R. Gupta, M. Tandan, G. V. Rao, and D. N. Reddy, “Mirizzi's syndrome: EUS appearance,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 322–323, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Pelaez-Luna, M. J. Levy, A. S. Arora, T. H. Baron, and E. Rajan, “Mirizzi syndrome presenting as painless jaundice: a rare entity diagnosed by EUS,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 974–975, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Wehrmann, A. Riphaus, K. Martchencko et al., “Intraductal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of Mirizzi syndrome,” Endoscopy, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 717–722, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. Gomez, S. H. Rahman, G. J. Toogood et al., “Mirizzi's syndrome—results from a large western experience,” HPB, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 474–479, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Piccinni, A. Sciusco, G. M. de Luca, A. Gurrado, A. Pasculli, and M. Testini, “Minimally invasive treatment of Mirizzi's syndrome: is there a safe way? Report of a case series,” Annals of Hepatology, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 558–564, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. N. Barkun, M. Rezieg, S. N. Mehta et al., “Postcholecystectomy biliary leaks in the laparoscopic era: risk factors, presentation, and management,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 277–282, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. J. G. H. M. Bergman, G. R. van den Brink, E. A. J. Rauws et al., “Treatment of bile duct lesions after laparoscopic cholecystectomy,” Gut, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 141–147, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Bourke, A. Elfant, R. Alhalel, P. Kortan, and G. Haber, “Endoscopic management of post-operative bile leak (EMBL) in 85 patients,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 41, no. 4, p. 390, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. E. El Hanafy, E. Atef, A. El Nakeeb, E. Hamdy, M. Elhemaly, and A. M. Sultan, “Mirizzi syndrome: how it could be a challenge,” Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol. 61, no. 133, pp. 1182–1186, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. U. Baer, J. B. Matthews, W. P. Schweizer, P. Gertsch, and L. H. Blumgart, “Management of the Mirizzi syndrome and the surgical implications of cholecystcholedochal fistula,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 77, no. 7, pp. 743–745, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. Katsohis, J. Prousalidis, E. Tzardinoglou et al., “Sub-total cholecystectomy,” HPB Surgery, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 133–136, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. K.-F. Lee, C.-N. Chong, K.-W. Ma et al., “A minimally invasive strategy for Mirizzi syndrome: the combined endoscopic and robotic approach,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 2690–2694, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. P. S. Lacerda, M. R. Ruiz, A. Melo, L. S. Guimaraes, R. A. Silva-Junior, and G. S. Nakajama, “Mirizzi syndrome: a surgical challenge,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva, vol. 27, no. 3, p. 226, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. M. A. Beltran and A. Csendes, “Mirizzi syndrome and gallstone ileus: an unusual presentation of gallstone disease,” Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 686–689, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. A. Antoniou, G. A. Antoniou, and C. Makridis, “Laparoscopic treatment of Mirizzi syndrome: a systematic review,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 33–39, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. Mithani, W. H. Schwesinger, J. Bingener, K. R. Sirinek, and G. W. W. Gross, “The Mirizzi syndrome: multidisciplinary management promotes optimal outcomes,” Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1022–1028, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. G. C. Vitale, G. Stephens, T. J. Wieman, and G. M. Larson, “Use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in the management of biliary complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy,” Surgery, vol. 114, no. 4, pp. 806–814, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. E. Ryan, J. E. Geenen, G. A. Lehman et al., “Endoscopic intervention for biliary leaks after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a multicenter review,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 261–266, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Kahaleh, V. Sundaram, S. L. Condron et al., “Temporary placement of covered self-expandable metallic stents in patients with biliary leak: midterm evaluation of a pilot study,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 52–59, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus