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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 6419603, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6419603
Clinical Study

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy versus Laparoscopic Banded Sleeve Gastrectomy: First Prospective Pilot Randomized Study

1Bariatric Surgery Unit, Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy
2Psychiatric Unit, Department of System Medicine, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy

Received 6 November 2015; Revised 17 March 2016; Accepted 28 March 2016

Academic Editor: Per Hellström

Copyright © 2016 Valeria Tognoni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The placement of ring or band around the gastric tube might prevent the dilation after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG). We describe the first randomized study comparing LSG and Laparoscopic Banded Sleeve Gastrectomy (LBSG). Material and Method. Fifty obese patients were enrolled in the study between January 2014 and January 2015. We analysed differences in operative time, complication rate, mortality, and BMI between the two groups over a period of 12 months. Results. Twenty-five patients received LSG (group A) and 25 LBSG (group B). The mean preoperative BMI was  kg/m2 and  kg/m2, respectively, in the two groups. There was no statistical relevant difference in operative time. No intraoperative complications occurred. Mean BMI registered after 3, 6, and 12 months in groups A and B, respectively, were  kg/m2 and  kg/m2 (),  kg/m2 and  kg/m2 (), and  kg/m2 and  kg/m2 (); no statistical relevant difference was registered between the two groups. Conclusion. LBSG is a safe and feasible procedure. The time required for the device positioning did not influence significantly the surgical time. The results of bodyweight loss did not document any statistically significant differences among the two groups, even though LBSG group showed a mean BMI slightly lower than that of the control group.