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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 1214584, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1214584
Research Article

Pictograms to Provide a Better Understanding of Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms in Chinese Subjects

1Department of GI, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300054, China
2Physical Examination Center, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300054, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wei Zhao; ten.haey@enotstohiewoahz and Bangmao Wang; moc.liamtoh@ighgumjt

Received 14 March 2017; Accepted 2 May 2017; Published 1 June 2017

Academic Editor: Per Hellström

Copyright © 2017 Wei Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To explore whether pictograms could help people understand reflux symptoms. Methods. Gastroenterologists (), non-GI physicians (), healthy people without medical education (), patients with gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) (), and general people () were included. Pictograms denoting classic reflux symptoms (sour regurgitation, heartburn, retrosternal pain, and regurgitation) were created by the joint efforts of an artist and a gastroenterologist. The subjects were asked to tell the meaning of each card within 30 s. Results. Compared with the physicians, healthy people without medical education tended to make mistakes in the understanding of the terms of reflux symptoms. Among GERD patients, all the terms of reflux symptoms could be understood accurately. Compared with that of non-GI physicians, GI physician had a higher accuracy in the understanding of the term regurgitation (). Pictograms denoting reflux symptoms could be understood accurately in all four groups. A sample from the general population showed that the recognition of the pictogram was more accurate than the recognition of the terms. Conclusions. Pictograms could help ordinary people who do not have medical education to understand reflux symptoms more accurately in China. Compared with abstract terms, pictograms could be useful for epidemiological studies and diagnosis of GERD in the community.