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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 1509140, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1509140
Clinical Study

Impact of Body Mass Index on Surgical and Oncological Outcomes in Laparoscopic Total Mesorectal Excision for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer after Neoadjuvant 5-Fluorouracil-Based Chemoradiotherapy

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Pan Chi; moc.oohay@hx9613pc

Received 11 May 2017; Accepted 23 August 2017; Published 14 September 2017

Academic Editor: Riccardo Casadei

Copyright © 2017 Yanwu Sun and Pan Chi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aims. To evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the surgical outcome of laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (laTME) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC, clinically staged as UICC stage II/III) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). Methods. 312 LARC patients undergoing laTME after nCRT were divided into nonobese (BMI < 25.0 kg/m2, ) and obese (BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2, ) groups. Preoperative radiotherapy was delivered in 45–50.4 Gy/25f, 5 days/week, and concurrent chemotherapy using FOLFOX or CapeOX. Technical feasibility, postoperative and oncological outcome were compared between groups. Results. Obese patients had significantly longer operative time (). There was no significant difference regarding estimated blood loss, conversion, postoperative recovery, and morbidities. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that higher ASA score and abdominoperineal resection were risk factors for postoperative complications and diverting stoma was a protective factor. The length of resection margin, circumferential resection margin involvement, and number of lymph node retrieved were comparable. With a median follow-up time of 55 months (ranging 20–102 months), oncological outcome was comparable in terms of overall survival, local recurrence, and distant metastasis. Conclusions. Obesity does not affect surgical or oncological outcome of laTME after nCRT. LaTME may be feasible and safe to obese LARC patients after nCRT in a specialized center.