Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 1509140, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1509140
Clinical Study

Impact of Body Mass Index on Surgical and Oncological Outcomes in Laparoscopic Total Mesorectal Excision for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer after Neoadjuvant 5-Fluorouracil-Based Chemoradiotherapy

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Pan Chi; moc.oohay@hx9613pc

Received 11 May 2017; Accepted 23 August 2017; Published 14 September 2017

Academic Editor: Riccardo Casadei

Copyright © 2017 Yanwu Sun and Pan Chi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. E. Calle, C. Rodriguez, K. Walker-Thurmond, and M. J. Thun, “Overweight, obesity, and mortality from cancer in a prospectively studied cohort of U.S. adults,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 17, pp. 1625–1638, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. G. Renehan, M. Tyson, M. Egger, R. F. Heller, and M. Zwahlen, “Body-mass index and incidence of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies,” Lancet, vol. 371, no. 9612, pp. 569–578, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. A. Gendall, S. Raniga, R. Kennedy, and F. A. Frizelle, “The impact of obesity on outcome after major colorectal surgery,” Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 2223–2237, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Scheidbach, F. Benedix, O. Hügel, D. Kose, F. Köckerling, and H. Lippert, “Laparoscopic approach to colorectal procedures in the obese patient: risk factor or benefit?” Obesity Surgery, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 66–70, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Bege, B. Lelong, D. Francon, O. Turrini, J. Guiramand, and J. R. Delpero, “Impact of obesity on short-term results of laparoscopic rectal cancer resection,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 1460–1464, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. J. Tuech, N. Regenet, S. Hennekinne, P. Pessaux, R. Bergamaschi, and J. P. Arnaud, “Laparoscopic colectomy for sigmoid diverticulitis in obese and nonobese patients: a prospective comparative study,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1427–1430, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. J. Leroy, P. Ananian, F. Rubino, B. Claudon, D. Mutter, and J. Marescaux, “The impact of obesity on technical feasibility and postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic left colectomy,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 241, pp. 69–75, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. Heald, E. Husband, and R. Ryall, “The mesorectum in rectal cancer surgery—the clue to pelvic recurrence?” The British Journal of Surgery, vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 613–616, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. G. Jayne, H. C. Thorpe, J. Copeland, P. Quirke, J. M. Brown, and P. J. Guillou, “Five-year follow-up of the Medical Research Council CLASICC trial of laparoscopically assisted versus open surgery for colorectal cancer,” The British Journal of Surgery, vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 1638–1645, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Y. Jeong, W. P. Ji, B. H. Nam et al., “Open versus laparoscopic surgery for mid-rectal or low-rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (COREAN trial): survival outcomes of an open-label, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial,” The Lancet Oncology, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 767–774, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. J. Bonjer, C. L. Deijen, and G. A. Abis, “A randomized trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for rectal cancer,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 372, no. 14, pp. 1324–1332, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Sauer, T. Liersch, S. Merkel et al., “Preoperative versus postoperative chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer: results of the German CAO/ARO/AIO-94 randomized phase III trial after a median follow-up of 11 years,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 30, no. 30, pp. 1926–1933, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. Sauer, H. Becker, W. Hohenberger et al., “Preoperative versus postoperative chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 17, pp. 1731–1740, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Rödel, T. Liersch, H. Becker et al., “Preoperative chemoradiotherapy and postoperative chemotherapy with fluorouracil and oxaliplatin versus fluorouracil alone in locally advanced rectal cancer: initial results of the German CAO/ARO/AIO-04 randomised phase 3 trial,” The Lancet Oncology, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 679–687, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Rödel, U. Graeven, R. Fietkau et al., “Oxaliplatin added to fluorouracil-based preoperative chemoradiotherapy and postoperative chemotherapy of locally advanced rectal cancer (the German CAO/ARO/AIO-04 study): final results of the multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial,” The Lancet Oncology, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 979–989, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Fokas, M. Ghadimi, R. Fietkau et al., “Tumor regression grading in the CAO/ARO/AIO-04 phase 3 trial in locally advanced rectal carcinoma,” Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 123, pp. S170–S171, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. V. Valenti, J. L. Hernandez-Lizoain, J. Baixauli et al., “Analysis of early postoperative morbidity among patients with rectal cancer treated with and without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy,” Annals of Surgical Oncology, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1744–1751, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. O. Nehls, H. Oettle, J. Hartmann et al., “Capecitabine plus oxaliplatin as first-line treatment in patients with advanced biliary system adenocarcinoma: a prospective multicentre phase II trial,” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 309–315, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Chi, S. Huang, H. Lin et al., “Laparoscopic transabdominal approach partial intersphincteric resection for low rectal cancer: surgical feasibility and intermediate-term outcome,” Annals of Surgical Oncology, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 944–951, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. World Health Organization, International Association for the Study of Obesity, International Obesity Task Force, The Asia-Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and Its Treatment, Health communications, Sydney, 2000.
  21. P. Quirke, P. Durdey, M. Dixon, and N. Williams, “Local recurrence of rectal adenocarcinoma due to inadequate surgical resection. Histopathological study of lateral tumour spread and surgical excision,” Lancet, vol. 2, pp. 996–999, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Wheeler, B. Warren, N. Mortensen et al., “Quantification of histologic regression of rectal cancer after irradiation: a proposal for a modified staging system,” Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, vol. 45, pp. 1051–1056, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Dindo, N. Demartines, and P. A. Clavien, “Classification of surgical complications: a new proposal with evaluation in a cohort of 6336 patients and results of a survey,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 240, no. 2, pp. 205–213, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Punt, M. Buyse, C. Kohne et al., “Endpoints in adjuvant treatment trials: a systematic review of the literature in colon cancer and proposed definitions for future trials,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 99, no. 13, pp. 998–1003, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Birgisson, U. Wallin, L. Holmberg, and B. Glimelius, “Survival endpoints in colorectal cancer and the effect of second primary other cancer on disease free survival,” BMC Cancer, vol. 11, p. 438, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Q. Denost, C. Laurent, T. Paumet, L. Quintane, M. Martenot, and E. Rullier, “Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer: preoperative radiochemotherapy versus surgery alone,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 1878–1883, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Aytac, I. C. Lavery, M. F. Kalady, and P. R. Kiran, “Impact of obesity on operation performed, complications and long term outcomes in terms of restoration of intestinal continuity for patients with mid and low rectal cancer,” Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 689–697, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Y. Zhou, L. Wu, X. Li, X. Wu, and B. Li, “Outcome of laparoscopic colorectal surgery in obese and nonobese patients: a meta-analysis,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 26, pp. 783–789, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. S. M. Ng, K. L. Leung, J. F. Lee et al., “Laparoscopic-assisted versus open abdominoperineal resection for low rectal cancer: a prospective randomized trial,” Annals of Surgical Oncology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 2418–2425, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. H. Ng, D. C. Ng, H. Y. Cheung, K. K. Yau, C. C. K. Chung, and M. K. Li, “Laparoscopic resection for rectal cancers: lessons learned from 579 cases,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 249, no. 1, pp. 82–86, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Ishihara, T. Watanabe, Y. Fukushima et al., “Safety and factors contributing to the difficulty of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy,” Techniques in Coloproctology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 247–255, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. T. Poon and W. L. Law, “Laparoscopic resection for rectal cancer: a review,” Annals of Surgical Oncology, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 3038–3047, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. N. Gouvas, J. Tsiaoussis, G. Pechlivanides et al., “Quality of surgery for rectal carcinoma: comparison between open and laparoscopic approaches,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 198, no. 5, pp. 702–708, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. Lujan, G. Valero, Q. Hernandez, A. Sanchez, M. D. Frutos, and P. Parrilla, “Randomized clinical trial comparing laparoscopic and open surgery in patients with rectal cancer,” The British Journal of Surgery, vol. 96, no. 9, pp. 982–989, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. Görög, P. Nagy, A. Péter, and F. Perner, “Influence of obesity on lymph node recovery from rectal resection specimens,” Pathology Oncology Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 180–183, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. H. Nelson, N. Petrelli, A. Carlin et al., “Guidelines 2000 for colon and rectal cancer surgery,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 93, no. 8, pp. 583–596, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  37. J. Widder, F. Herbst, W. Dobrowsky et al., “Preoperative short-term radiation therapy (25 Gy, 2.5 Gy twice daily) for primary resectable rectal cancer (phase II),” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 1209–1214, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. El-Gazzaz, R. P. Kiran, and I. Lavery, “Wound complications in rectal cancer patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal wound after abdominoperineal resection,” Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 1962–1966, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. A. F. A. Veenhof, A. F. Engel, D. L. V. D. Peet et al., “Technical difficulty grade score for the laparoscopic approach of rectal cancer,” International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 469–475, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. J. Tuech, M. Karoui, B. Lelong et al., “A step toward NOTES total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: endoscopic transanal proctectomy,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 261, no. 2, pp. 228–233, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. D. Wexner and M. Berho, “Transanal total mesorectal excision of rectal carcinoma: evidence to learn and adopt the technique,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 261, no. 2, pp. 234–236, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. Chi, Z. Chen, and X. Lu, “Transanal total mesorectal excision: can it achieve the standard of TME?” Annals of Surgery, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. B. Ma, P. Gao, Y. Song et al., “Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) for rectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of oncological and perioperative outcomes compared with laparoscopic total mesorectal excision,” BMC Cancer, vol. 16, p. 380, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. Examination Committee of Criteria for 'Obesity Disease' in Japan, “New criteria for “obesity disease” in Japan,” Circulation Journal, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 987–992, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus