Table 1: Patient characteristics and frequency distribution of the treatment indications. In several patients suffering from upper GI bleeding, more than one endoscopy involving hemostatic measures and the application of Hemospray was necessary. Hence, we recorded more examinations involving interventional measures than patients. Merely second look endoscopies without further necessary interventions have not been calculated here.


AgeMedian 72 years,
range 40–88 years


Upper GI bleeding2533

Lower GI bleeding22

Bleeding source
 Diffuse bleeding66
 Reflux esophagitis22
 Total examinations2735