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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 6765856, 10 pages
Review Article

A Comprehensive Review of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Other Methods in the Assessment of Nutritional Status in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Department of Gastroenterology, Medical University of Lublin, 20-094 Lublin, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Halina Cichoż-Lach;

Received 3 April 2017; Accepted 11 July 2017; Published 13 August 2017

Academic Editor: Kazuhiko Uchiyama

Copyright © 2017 Halina Cichoż-Lach and Agata Michalak. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It is assumed that approximately 24–66% of patients with liver cirrhosis develop malnutrition. Numerous pathological processes lead to serious disorders of nutritional status in this group of patients. Malnutrition in the course of liver cirrhosis is associated with increased morbidity, complications, and low quality of life. Under these conditions, detection of malnutrition is of crucial importance. This review explores the complex mechanisms that lead to malnutrition in the course of liver cirrhosis and focuses on methods used in the assessment of nutritional status in cirrhotic patients. Among others, the role of bioelectrical impedance is highlighted. This noninvasive tool is promising and quite an accurate method of estimating body composition.