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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2017, Article ID 8098067, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8098067
Research Article

Development of an Autonomous Endoscopically Implantable Submucosal Microdevice Capable of Neurostimulation in the Gastrointestinal Tract

1Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and University Hospital Královské Vinohrady, 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
2Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

Correspondence should be addressed to J. Hajer; zc.vknf@rejah.naj

Received 31 January 2017; Accepted 24 April 2017; Published 21 June 2017

Academic Editor: Per Hellström

Copyright © 2017 J. Hajer and M. Novák. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Gastric dysmotility can be a sign of common diseases such as longstanding diabetes mellitus. It is known that the application of high-frequency low-energetic stimulation can help to effectively moderate and alleviate the symptoms of gastric dysmotility. The goal of our research was the development of a miniature, endoscopically implantable device to a submucosal pocket. The implantable device is a fully customized electronics package which was specifically designed for the purpose of experiments in the submucosa. The device was endoscopically inserted into the submucosal pocket of a pig stomach and partially severed pig side in order to adequately simulate a live animal model. The experiment confirmed that the designed device can be implanted into the submucosa and is capable of the measurement of sensor data and the transmission of this data wirelessly in real time to a computer outside of the body. After proving that the device can be implanted submucosally and transmit data, further experiments can now be performed, primarily with an electrogastrography (EGG) instrument and implantable device with tissue stimulation capability.