Table 2: Intraindividual changes of hemodynamic parameters before and after LVP, while being on and off NSBB. Values are expressed as median (range). HR: heart rate; MAP: mean arterial pressure; CO: cardiac output; CI: cardiac index; SVR: systemic vascular resistance; PVR: peripheral vascular resistance; PRA: plasma renin activity. aPre-LVP versus pre-LVP with and without NSBB. bPost-LVP versus post-LVP with and without NSBB.

Absence of NSBBPresence of NSBB valuea valueb
Pre-LVPPost-LVP valuePre-LVPPost-LVP value

HR (bpm)76 [68–94]83 [76–89]0.1363 [55–73]74 [60–85]0.020.050.08
MAP (mmHg)82 [71–103]72 [68–86]0.0383 [60–96]78 [58–85]0.050.30.3
CO (l/min)3.9 [2.8–4.8]4.5 [3.7–4.9]0.063.4 [3–3.9]3.8 [3.5–4.1]0.130.20.09
CI (l/min/m2)2.4 [2.1–2.9]2.8 [2.1–3.1]0.072.1 [2–2.5]2.3 [2.1–2.9]0.340.50.09
SVR (dyn·s·cm−5)1896 [1276–2293]1348 [925–1804]0.0282002 [1609–2542]1798 [1382–2863]0.170.50.07
PVR (mmHg·min·dl·ml−1)47 [36–54]30 [22–30]0.0449 [27–53]36 [21–44]0.20.80.09
PRA (ng·ml−1·h−1)9.4 [5.3–14.2]13 [6.4–16.9]0.096.3 [4.8–9.6]8.6 [4.9–11.6]0.070.070.07