Gastroenterology Research and Practice / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Long-Term Outcomes of Caustic Esophageal Stricture with Endoscopic Balloon Dilatation in Chinese Children

Table 2

Comparison between esophageal balloon dilatation (EBD) clinical resolution and failure groups. Values are expressed as (range).

VariableEBD success (range) or NEBD failure (range) or Univariate analysisMultivariate analyses (generalized linear mixed models)95% OR LCI95% OR UCI
StatisticsCoefficienttPOR

Diameter of stricture (mm)3.4 ± 1.5 (6)2.7 ± 1.2 (5)1.69a0.099−0.24−0.5390.590.7870.3261.896
Length of stricture (cm)4.0 ± 1.9 (7)7.6 ± 3.2 (13)4.622a<0.0011.1652.3980.0183.2061.2288.371
Time of first EBD (weeks)7.6 ± 3.3 (16)6.6 ± 2.9 (12)0.952a0.3470.0450.4910.6241.0460.8721.033
Number of EBD3.0 ± 1.8 (7)5.2 ± 4.6 (15)1.443b0.149
Interval of EBD (months)2.3 ± 2.3 (9.7)1.9 ± 1.5 (4.9)0.623a0.536−0.003−0.0090.9930.9970.4452.182
Median follow-up time (months)77.0 ± 27.0 (97)64.0 ± 13.0 (44)1.628b0.104−0.054−1.2350.2190.9480.871.033
Age46 ± 29 (121)40 ± 23 (83)0.698a0.489−0.044−0.4490.6540.9570.7871.163
Gender (female/male (reference))7/197/100.951c0.3291.9080.8780.3816.740.092493.12
Caustic substance
 Alkali1610−2.091−0.8490.3970.1240.00116.025
 Acids541.154−0.4040.6873.1710.011896.717
 Detergents and bleach (reference)530.251c0.999
Dysphagia score
 Grade 110−21,567−0.0030.99900
 Grade 274−8.608−0.0030.99900
 Grade 318122.125c0.811−10.309−0.0030.99900
 Grade 4 (reference)01
Stricture location
 Upper esophagus22−18.338−0.0140.99300
 Middle esophagus1912−21.503−0.0170.99100
 Lower esophagus303.6640.552−21.61−0.0170.99100
 Middle and low esophagus22−32.553−0.0130.99300
 All esophagus (reference)01

a-test; brank-sum test; cchi-square test or Fisher exact method. Values are expressed as (range) in EBD clinical resolution and EBD failure.

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