Dichlorophosphoranides Stabilized by Formamidinium SubstituentsRead the full article
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Synthesis of New Oxindoles and Determination of Their Antibacterial Properties
A versatile method for the synthesis of new oxindoles was developed by the reaction between substituted isatins and 5-aminopyrazoles. The reaction was carried out at room temperature in ethanol using p-toluenesulfonic acid as the catalyst. The products were obtained with acceptable to excellent yields (44–96%). Structures of the new compounds were unambiguously established by spectroscopic and analytical techniques. The antibacterial activity was determined by microdilution assays. Compounds 3b, 3e, and 3g showed antistaphylococcal activity, particularly compound 3e displayed a potent activity against the vancomycin intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA). Compounds 3i, 3j, and 3o inhibited Neisseria gonorrhoeae growth.
10H-Pyrazino[2,3-b][1,4]benzotellurazine, a Novel Tellurium-Containing Heterocyclic System
Condensation of 2,3-dichloropyrazine with 2-aminobenzenetellurole and 2-amino-5-methylbenzenetellurole, generated in situ by reduction of the corresponding ditellurides, resulted in the formation of novel 10H-pyrazino[2,3-b][1,4]benzotellurazine and its 7-methyl derivative. The products were purified via their well-crystallized 5,5-dibromo derivatives. X-ray crystallographic analysis of the title compound indicates that it has a pronounced V-shape and forms hydrogen-bonded dimers. Te, N-containing heterocycles have the potential of offering access to supramolecular assemblies.
2-Oxiranyl-pyridines: Synthesis and Regioselective Epoxide Ring Openings with Chiral Amines as a Route to Chiral Ligands
New epoxides, derivatives of pyridine, 2,2′-bipyridine, and 1,10-phenanthroline, were synthesized from the respective α-methylazaarenes. The obtained racemic 2-oxiranyl-azaarenes along with styrene oxide and trans-stilbene oxide were submitted to the ring opening with chiral primary amines as a chiral auxiliary. The most effective reaction was run in the presence of Sc(OTf)3/diisopropylethylamine for 7 days at 80°C, affording a good yield of the amino alcohols. Except for styrene oxide which gave both α- and β-amino alcohols, the reactions led regioselectively to the corresponding diastereomeric β-amino alcohols. The resulting diastereomers were separated, and the configurations of their stereogenic centers were established. The obtained enantiomerically pure 2-pyridinyl- and 6-(2,2′-bipyridinyl)-β-amino alcohols were tentatively tested as chiral ligands in the zinc-catalyzed aldol reaction.
Synthesis of Some New 1,2,4-Triazine and 1,2,5-Oxadiazine Derivatives with Antimicrobial Activity
1,2,4-Triazine and 1,2,5-oxadiazine derivatives 2–12 were obtained from treated 1,3-oxazolone (1) with phenyl hydrazine or hydroxylamine hydrochloride. Chlorotriazine derivative 3 undergoing condensation reactions with different reagents produced new fused tetrazolo-triazine and triazino-quinazolinone derivatives. 1,2,5-Oxadiazine has been used as a synthon for the fused pyrazolo-oxadiazine derivative. The constitution of the prepared compounds was built up based on microanalytical and spectral data. Some of the new compounds were assessed for their antimicrobial activity.
Cyclopentadienyl Ruthenium(II) Complex-Mediated Oxidation of Benzylic and Allylic Alcohols to Corresponding Aldehydes
This work reports an efficient method for the oxidation reaction of aliphatic, aromatic allylic, and benzylic alcohols into aldehydes catalyzed by the cyclopentadienyl ruthenium(II) complex (RuCpCl(PPh3)2) with bubbled O2. Through further optimizing controlled studies, the tendency order of oxidation reactivity was determined as follows: benzylic alcohols > aromatic allylic alcohols >> aliphatic alcohols. In addition, this method has several advantages, including a small amount of catalyst (0.5 mol%) and selective application of high discrimination activity of aliphatic, aromatic allylic, and benzylic alcohols.
Theoretical Prediction for Synthetic Realization: Pyramidal Systems ClE[E′4R4] (E = B–Ga, E′ = C–Ge, R = SiMe3, SiMetBu2): A DFT Study
Structure and bonding of hybrid group 13/14 pyramidal molecules ClE[R4] (E = B–Ga, E′ = C–Ge, R = SiMe3, SiMetBu2) were studied by DFT calculations. Six pyramidal structures are suggested for their potential synthetic realization.