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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 3-6
Clinical Study

Chronic Endometritis and Positive Mycoplasma Cultures: Is There a Correlation?

1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Temple University School of Medicine, 7OPD, 19140, Philadephia, PA, USA
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Goddard Medical Associates, Brockton, MA, USA

Received 28 September 1994; Accepted 23 February 1995

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective: This study was undertaken to assess the impact of mycoplasma strains (Mycoplasma hominis or Ureaplasma urealyticum) on the development of chronic endometritis.

Methods: Fifty-eight patients with acute pelvic infection were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Endometrial cultures and biopsies were obtained on admission and 5–7 and 21–28 days after completion of treatment.

Results: Of 148 samples, 40 were positive for mycoplasma strains (group A) and 58 were positive for mycoplasma with other pathogens (group B). Twenty-seven samples were positive for other pathogens only (group C). Chronic endometritis was seen in 7 (17.5%), 30 (51.7%), and 10 (37%) in group A, B, and C patients, respectively.

Conclusions: The presence of mycoplasma strains in the endometrial cavity was not found to be associated with an increased incidence of chronic endometritis.