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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 135-139
Clinical Study

Epidemiology and Clinical Outcome of Patients Hospitalized With Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Complicated by Tubo-Ovarian Abscess

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New Jersey Medical School, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
2Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA

Received 4 April 1995; Accepted 12 September 1995

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical outcome and characteristics of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) complicated by tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) with PID without TOA.

Methods: Chart reviews were performed for all PID admissions to the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-University Hospital, Newark, NJ, from January 1, 1992, to December 31, 1993.

Results: The incidence in this study of TOA based on sonographic evidence of a complex adnexal mass was 18%. The major differences between the patients with and without TOAs were 1) history of hospitalization for PID: 68% (13/19) vs. 29% (25/85); 2) increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate: 82 vs. 41 mm/h; 3) increased WBC count on admission: 16,200 vs. 14,700/ml; 4) failure to respond to initial antibiotic therapy; and 5) longer hospital stay: 7.8 vs. 4.4 days, respectively. Surgical intervention was required in 3 patients: 2 patients who had TOAs and 1 patient who did not have a TOA by clinical examination or by ultrasound.

Conclusions: Despite longer hospital stays and blood tests suggesting more severe disease processes, PID complicated by TOA is usually responsive to intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy without the need for surgical intervention.