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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 6 (1998), Issue 5, Pages 209-213
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1064744998000428
Clinical Study

Determinants of Antepartum Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing in a Non-Medicaid Obstetric Population

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 834 Chestnut Street, Suite 4000, Philadelphia 19107, PA, USA

Received 22 May 1998; Accepted 14 October 1998

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective: To determine voluntary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing rates and factors influencing testing in a private obstetric practice.

Methods: Antepartum patients were offered HIV testing after completing a self-assessment questionnaire. Perceived risks and demographics were correlated with testing rates.

Results: Overall, 348/600 (58%) women consented to HIV testing. In a univariate analysis, patients with “any” perceived risk(s) were more likely to be tested. Single women and those with an at-risk partner(s) or a history of sexually transmitted disease (STD) were more likely to desire testing. These factors remained independently associated with voluntary testing in a multivariate regression model. No patients tested positive for HIV.

Conclusions: In our private obstetric practice, 26% of women perceived themselves at risk for HIV infection, and testing rates depended on the various risks identified. A history of STDs or an at-risk sexual partner were stronger predictors of voluntary testing than was marital status. Focused HIV counseling among pregnant women at relatively low risk for infection may be possible.