Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2009, Article ID 198425, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/198425
Research Article

Human Papillomavirus Type Distribution and Correlation with Cyto-Histological Patterns in Women from the South of Italy

1Department of Virology and Molecular Biology, Laboratory “Dr. P. Pignatelli”, Via Martiri d'Otranto, 2, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2Department of Histology, Microbiology, and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Padova, 35121 Padova, Italy

Received 17 June 2009; Revised 5 November 2009; Accepted 3 December 2009

Academic Editor: Kenneth Fife

Copyright © 2009 Paola Menegazzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. de Sanjosé, M. Diaz, X. Castellsagué et al., “Worldwide prevalence and genotype distribution of cervical human papillomavirus DNA in women with normal cytology: a meta-analysis,” Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 453–459, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  2. F. X. Bosch, A. N. Burchell, M. Schiffman et al., “Epidemiology and natural history of human papillomavirus infection and type-specific implications in cervical neoplasia,” Vaccine, vol. 26, supplement 10, pp. K1–K16, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. L. Barzon, C. Giorgi, F. M. Buonaguro, and G. Palù, “Guidelines of the Italian Society for Virology on HPV testing and vaccination for cervical cancer prevention,” Infectious Agents and Cancer, vol. 3, no. 1, article 14, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  4. B. Kleter, L.-J. van Doorn, J. Schegget et al., “Novel short-fragment PCR assay for highly sensitive broad-spectrum detection of anogenital human papillomaviruses,” American Journal of Pathology, vol. 153, no. 6, pp. 1731–1739, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  5. W. J. G. Melchers, J. M. J. E. Bakkers, J. Wang et al., “Short fragment polymerase chain reaction reverse hybridization line probe assay to detect and genotype a broad spectrum of human papillomavirus types: clinical evaluation and follow-up,” American Journal of Pathology, vol. 155, no. 5, pp. 1473–1478, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  6. N. Muñoz, F. X. Bosch, S. de Sanjosé et al., “Epidemiologic classification of human papillomavirus types associated with cervical cancer,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 6, pp. 518–527, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  7. P. E. Castle, “The evolving definition of carcinogenic human papilloma virus,” Infectious Agents and Cancer, vol. 4, article 7, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. M. Schiffman, G. Clifford, and F. M. Buonaguro, “Classification of weakly carcinogenic human papillomavirus types: addressing the limits of epidemiology at the borderline,” Infectious Agents and Cancer, vol. 4, article 8, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. B. Kleter, L.-J. van Doorn, L. Schrauwen et al., “Development and clinical evaluation of a highly sensitive PCR-reverse hybridization line probe assay for detection and identification of anogenital human papillomavirus,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 2508–2517, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  10. G. Ronco, V. Ghisetti, N. Segnan et al., “Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in women in Turin, Italy,” European Journal of Cancer, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 297–305, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. M. A. De Francesco, F. Gargiulo, C. Schreiber, G. Ciravolo, F. Salinaro, and N. Manca, “Detection and genotyping of human papillomavirus in cervical samples from Italian patients,” Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 588–592, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. M. L. Tornesello, M. L. Duraturo, G. Botti et al., “Prevalence of alpha-papillomavirus genotypes in cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions and invasive cervical carcinoma in the Italian population,” Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 1663–1672, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. P. Ammatuna, L. Giovannelli, D. Matranga, S. Ciriminna, and A. Perino, “Prevalence of genital human papilloma virus infection and genotypes among young women in Sicily, South Italy,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 2002–2006, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  14. R. Verteramo, A. Pierangeli, E. Calzolari et al., “Direct sequencing of HPV DNA detected in gynaecologic outpatients in Rome, Italy,” Microbes and Infection, vol. 8, no. 9-10, pp. 2517–2521, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  15. F. Gargiulo, M. A. De Francesco, C. Schreiber et al., “Prevalence and distribution of single and multiple HPV infections in cytologically abnormal cervical samples from Italian women,” Virus Research, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 176–182, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. R. Del Prete, A. M. D. Taranto, M. R. Lipsi, V. Nirchio, R. Antonetti, and G. Miragliotta, “Prevalence and genotypes identification of human papillomavirus infection in a population of South Italy,” Journal of Clinical Virology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 211–214, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. S. Menzo, A. Ciavattini, P. Bagnarelli, K. Marinelli, S. Sisti, and M. Clementi, “Molecular epidemiology and pathogenic potential of underdiagnosed human papillomavirus types,” BMC Microbiology, vol. 8, article 112, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. A. Agarossi, E. Ferrazzi, F. Parazzini, C. F. Perno, and L. Ghisoni, “Prevalence and type distribution of high-risk human papillomavirus infection in women undergoing voluntary cervical cancer screening in Italy,” Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 529–535, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  19. S. K. Kjær, G. Breugelmans, C. Munk, J. Junge, M. Watson, and T. Iftner, “Population-based prevalence, type- and age-specific distribution of HPV in women before introduction of an HPV-vaccination program in Denmark,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 123, no. 8, pp. 1864–1870, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  20. K. Kovács, A. D. Varnai, M. Bollmann et al., “Prevalence and genotype distribution of multiple human papillomavirus infection in the uterine cervix: a 7.5-year longitudinal study in a routine cytology-based screening population in West Germany,” Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 1814–1823, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. M. T. Sandri, D. Riggio, M. Salvatici et al., “Typing of human papillomavirus in women with cervical lesions: prevalence and distribution of different genotypes,” Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 271–277, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  22. J.-L. Prétet, A.-C. Jacquard, X. Carcopino et al., “Human papillomavirus genotype distribution in high grade cervical lesions (CIN 2/3) in France: EDITH study,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 424–427, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed