Table 1: Demographic characteristics and risk factors for HPV DNA positivity among mothers (n 333).

Characteristic Adjusted OR
95%  

Age
2439/81 (48.1)4.2(2.2–7.8)
 25–2942/110 (29.1)2.1(1.1–3.8)
3028/142 (19.7)reference
Race
 White83/281 (29.5)reference
 Other16/52 (30.8)1.2(0.6–2.4)
Education
1237/78 (47.4)3.4(1.8–6.7)
 13–1639/142 (27.5)1.3(0.7–2.5)
1723/113 (20.4)reference
Age first intercourse
2088/258 (34.1)1.9(0.9–4.1)
2011/75 (14.7)reference
Number of partners
 1-215/105 (14.3)reference
383/225 (36.9)3.1(1.7–5.8)
Parity
 1-256/193 (29.0)reference
343/140 (30.7)1.0(0.6–1.6)
OC Use
 Never16/44 (36.4)reference
 Ever83/289 (28.7)0.5(0.2–1.02)
Smoking
 Never51/220 (23.2)reference
 Ever48/113 (42.5)1.8(1.04–3.0)
Alcohol
 Never66/210 (31.4)reference
 Ever33/123 (26.8)0.6(0.3–0.96)
HPV-related disease
 Never62/244 (25.4)reference
 Genital warts15/39 (38.5)1.4(0.7–2.8)
 Cervical dysplasia30/71 (42.3)1.8(0.98–3.1)
 Cervical cancer4/5 (80.0)8.0(0.9–73.4)
Pap smear
 WNL57/219 (26.0)reference
 ASCUS12/42 (28.6)0.8(0.4–1.8)
 L-SIL30/71 (42.3)1.1(0.4–3.3)
HPV VLP
 HPV 57/225 (25.3)reference
 HPV 42/108 (38.9)1.3(0.8–2.2)

DNA types include HPV-6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 39, 51, 53, 54, 56, 58, 59, 61, 66, 69, 70, 83, 84, other/unnamed types; on HPV+ in cervical/genital and/or oral samples; for number of sexual partners and history of an HPV-related disease; -HR VLP types HPV-16, 18, 31, 33.