Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2011, Article ID 376432, 8 pages
Research Article

Prevalence of and Barriers to Dual-Contraceptive Methods Use among Married Men and Women Living with HIV in India

1Indian Network for People Living with HIV/AIDS (INP+), 50 (Old # 42/12), Second Main Road, Kalaimagal Nagar, Ekkaduthangal, Chennai 600032, India
2Centre for Sexuality and Health Research and Policy (C-SHaRP), 38, Ground Floor, Rangarajapuram Main Road, Kodambakkam, Chennai 600024, India
3Yale School of Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, 60 College Street, P.O. Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, USA
4Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 1A1
5Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, University of Connecticut, 2006 Hillside Road, Unit 1248, Storrs, CT 06269, USA

Received 15 April 2011; Accepted 29 July 2011

Academic Editor: Tessa Madden

Copyright © 2011 Venkatesan Chakrapani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), UNGASS Country Progress Report—India, NACO, New Delhi, India, 2010.
  2. N. Chatterjee and G. Hosain, “Perceptions of risk and behaviour change for prevention of HIV among married women in Mumbai, India,” Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 81–88, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Newmann, P. Sarin, N. Kumarasamy et al., “Marriage, monogamy and HIV: a profile of HIV-infected women in south India,” International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 250–253, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. T. Blackard and K. H. Mayer, “HIV superinfection in the era of increased sexual risk-taking,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 201–204, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. United Nations Population Fund and World Health Organization (WHO), Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on Care, Treatment and Support for Women Living with HIV/AIDS and Their Children in Resource-Constrained Settings, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
  6. J. Trussell, “Choosing a contraceptive: efficacy, safety, and personal considerations,” in Contraceptive Technology, R. A. Hatcher, J. Trussell, A. L. Nelson, W. Cates Jr., F. H. Stewart, and D. Kowal, Eds., Ardent Media, New York, NY, USA, 19th edition, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  7. W. Cates Jr. and M. J. Steiner, “Dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: what is the best contraceptive approach?” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 168–174, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Chakrapani, P. A. Newman, M. Shunmugam, and R. Dubrow, “Prevalence and contexts of inconsistent condom use among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in India: implications for prevention,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 49–58, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. W. Creswell and V. L. Plano Clark, Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2007.
  10. Y. S. Lincoln and E. G. Guba, Naturalistic Enquiry, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, Calif, USA, 1985.
  11. C. Teddlie and A. Tashakkori, Foundations of Mixed Methods Research: Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2009.
  12. B. G. Glaser and A. L. Strauss, The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, Aldine de Gruyter, Hawthorne, NY, USA, 1967.
  13. A. Strauss and J. M. Corbin, Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2nd edition, 1998.
  14. International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International, National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06: India: Volume I, IIPS, Mumbai, India, 2007.
  15. B. Elul, T. Delvaux, E. Munyana et al., “Pregnancy desires, and contraceptive knowledge and use among prevention of mother-to-child transmission clients in Rwanda,” AIDS, vol. 23, supplement 1, pp. S19–S26, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. I. F. Hoffman, F. E. A. Martinson, K. A. Powers et al., “The year-long effect of HIV-positive test results on pregnancy intentions, contraceptive use, and pregnancy incidence among Malawian women,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 477–483, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Heys, W. Kipp, G. S. Jhangri, A. Alibhai, and T. Rubaale, “Fertility desires and infection with the HIV: results from a survey in rural Uganda,” AIDS, vol. 23, supplement 1, pp. S37–S45, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. O. Kakaire, D. K. Kaye, and M. O. Osinde, “Contraception among persons living HIV with infection attending an HIV care and support centre in Kabale, Uganda,” Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 180–188, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Kaida, F. Laher, S. A. Strathdee et al., “Contraceptive use and method preference among women in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HIV care and treatment services,” PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 11, Article ID e13868, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. E. Wilson, L. J. Koenig, E. Walter, I. Fernandez, K. Ethier, and Perinatal Guidelines Evaluation Project, “Dual contraceptive method use for pregnancy and disease prevention among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women: the importance of an event-level focus for promoting safer sexual behaviors,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 809–812, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Magalhães, E. Amaral, P. C. Giraldo, and J. A. Simoes, “HIV infection in women: impact on contraception,” Contraception, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 87–91, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, National Program Implementation Plan RCH Phase II—Program Document (Document 1), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India, 2010.
  23. Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh (National Population Stabilization Fund), “Revised Rates of Contraception,” June 23, 2010).
  24. M. Berer, “Dual protection: more needed than practised or understood,” Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 14, no. 28, pp. 162–170, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Population Fund, Glion Consultation on Strengthening the Linkages between Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS: Family Planning and HIV/AIDS in Women and Children, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.