Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Improving Adherence to Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A Systematic Review

Table 1

Summary of controlled studies to improve adherence to diagnosis and management guidelines for PID.

Study IDStudy typeSetting/YearTarget population 𝑁 InterventionOutcomes

Trent et al. [19]Interrupted time seriesA single paediatric outpatient department in the US, 2001–2003Patients and practitioners 127Multilevel intervention: practitioner treatment algorithm and practice guideline, full 14-day course of antibiotics for patients and written discharge instructions, telephone follow-up at 24–48 hrs and 2 weeks.Patients receiving appropriate medication, return for follow-up.

Trent et al. [17]RCT5 hospital emergency departments or paediatric and adolescent medicine clinics in a large urban US centre, ~200715–21-year-old women diagnosed with outpatient treatable PID in 1216-minute video using health belief model to acknowledge barriers and benefits to PID self-care in addition to standardised care.Medication completion, temporary sexual abstinence during the 14-day treatment period, partner notification, partner treatment, return for 72-hour follow-up.

Balamuth et al. [18]RCTMembers of the section on Emergency Medicine of the American Academy of Paediatrics, US, 2008Physicians working in paediatric emergency departments237Use of a PID-treatment summary sheet versus the full CDC PID-treatment guidelines.Correct completion of a multiple choice survey on PID diagnosis, treatment and follow-up.

* N is the total number of population including both intervention and control groups.

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