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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012, Article ID 917059, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/917059
Research Article

Incidence of Pregnancy after Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa: A Retrospective Clinical Cohort Analysis

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
2Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
3Clinical HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
4Right to Care, Johannesburg, South Africa

Received 7 February 2012; Accepted 20 April 2012

Academic Editor: Deborah Cohan

Copyright © 2012 Daniel Westreich et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [12 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Deborah Jones, Nahida Chakhtoura, and Ryan Cook, “Reproductive and Maternal Healthcare Needs of HIV Infected Women,” Current HIV/AIDS Reports, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel Westreich, Mhairi Maskew, Denise Evans, Cindy Firnhaber, Pappie Majuba, and Ian Sanne, “Incident Pregnancy and Time to Death or AIDS among HIV-Positive Women Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy,” Plos One, vol. 8, no. 3, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel Westreich, Sheree Schwartz, Geeta Swamy, and Molly Rosenberg, “Representation of Women and Pregnant Women in HIV Research: A Limited Systematic Review,” Plos One, vol. 8, no. 8, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ryan Cook, Robert Hayden, Stephen M. Weiss, and Deborah L. Jones, “Desire for fertility among HIV-seroconcordant and -discordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia,” Culture, Health & Sexuality, pp. 1–11, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Juan Burgos-Soto, Eric Balestre, Albert Minga, Samuel Ajayi, Adrien Sawadogo, Marcel D. Zannou, Valériane Leroy, Didier K. Ekouevi, François Dabis, and Renaud Becquet, “Incidence of Pregnancy After Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation and Associated Factors in 8 West African Countries,” JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. e45–e54, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel Westreich, Naiomi Jamal, Jennifer S. Smith, Doreen Schulze, Sophie Williams, Pam Michelow, Simon Levin, and Cynthia Firnhaber, “Injectable and oral contraception and the incidence and progression of cervical disease in HIV-infected women in South Africa,” Contraception, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Victor Akelo, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal, Lauren Toledo, Sonali Girde, Craig B. Borkowf, Laura Ward, Kenneth Ondenge, Richard Ndivo, Shirley L. Lecher, Lisa A. Mills, and Timothy K. Thomas, “Determinants and Experiences of Repeat Pregnancy among HIV-Positive Kenyan Women-A Mixed-Methods Analysis,” Plos One, vol. 10, no. 6, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Cassidy E. Henegar, Daniel J. Westreich, Mhairi Maskew, William C. Miller, M. Alan Brookhart, and Annelies Van Rie, “Effect of Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period on Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among HIV-Infected Women Established on Treatment,” JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 477–480, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nicolas Meda, Firmin Kaboré, Armel Poda, Macaire Ouédraogo, Adrien Bruno Sawadogo, Arsène Hema, Aina Konaté, Jacques Zoungrana, Euloges Kamboulé, Ibrahim Soré, Guillaume Bado, and Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, “Pregnancy rate and birth outcomes among women receiving antiretroviral therapy in Burkina Faso: A retrospective cohort study,” Pan African Medical Journal, vol. 23, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Shino Arikawa, Valériane Leroy, Tanoh Eboua, Kouadio Kouakou, Marie-Sylvie N'Gbeche, Madeleine Amorissani-Folquet, Corinne Moh, Ursula Belinda Amoussou-Bouah, Patrick Ahuatchi Coffie, and Renaud Becquet, “Pregnancy incidence and associated factors among HIV-infected female adolescents in HIV care in urban Côte d'Ivoire, 2009-2013.,” Global health action, vol. 9, pp. 31622, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kate Salters, Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Deborah Money, Neora Pick, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Allison Carter, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Daniele Dubuc, Nadia O’Brien, Karene Proulx-Boucher, and Angela Kaida, “Pregnancy incidence and intention after HIV diagnosis among women living with HIV in Canada,” Plos One, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. e0180524, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kirsty Brittain, Robert H. Remien, Claude A. Mellins, Tamsin K. Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Elaine J. Abrams, and Landon Myer, “Determinants of suboptimal adherence and elevated HIV viral load in pregnant women already on antiretroviral therapy when entering antenatal care in Cape Town, South Africa,” AIDS Care, pp. 1–7, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar