Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Avidity of Antibodies against HSV-2 and Risk to Neonatal Transmission among Mexican Pregnant Women

Table 2

HSV-2 seroprevalence and risk factors among puerperal and pregnant women from Morelos, Mexico.

Variable% HSV-2ORC (CI95%)ORA (CI95%)

General Hospital
 Cuautla14.81.7 (1.1–2.6)&1.6 (1.0–2.7)&
 Jojutla16.21.9 (1.2–3.0)&1.9 (1.2–3.2)&
 Axochiapan13.81.5 (0.9–2.6)1.4 (0.8–2.5)
 Tetecala9.41.01.0
Age
 ≥31 years old26.43.8 (2.7–5.4)&4.3 (3.0–6.1)&
 21–30 years old14.31.8 (1.3–2.4)&1.9 (1.4–2.6)&
 ≤20 years old8.61.01.0
Marital status
 Separated31.33.8 (1.7–8.3)&4.0 (1.8–9.0)&
 Single18.11.9 (1.3–2.7)&2.2 (1.5–3.3)&
 Law marriage15.61.5 (1.2–2.0)&1.8 (1.4–2.4)&
 Married10.71.01.0
Education level
 Nothing29.74.1 (2.4–7.2)&3.1 (1.8–5.6)&
 Elementary school18.02.1 (1.5–3.1)&2.0 (1.3–2.9)&
 Junior high 12.81.4 (0.9–2.1)&1.5 (1.0–2.1)&
 High school or upper9.31.01.0
Lifetime condom use
 Yes14.10.9 (0.7–1.2)
 No15.31.0
History of STI
 Yes/not known21.21.6 (0.99–2.7)1.7 (1.0–3.0)&
 No14.21.01.0
Partners during last year
 Three or more31.12.9 (1.5–5.6)&2.2 (1.1–4.4)&
 Two23.92.0 (1.4–2.9)&1.6 (1.1–2.4)&
 One13.31.01.0
Partner infidelity
 Yes17.81.6 (1.2–2.2)&
 Not known16.81.5 (1.1–2.0)&
 No11.91.0
Prenatal consultations
 0–219.11.5 (1.2–2.1)&
 3-415.21.2 (0.8–1.67)
 5 or more13.21.0
Person in charge of pregnancy control
 No one18.91.4 (0.9–2.2)
 Midwife23.31.8 (0.9–3.8)
 Nursery11.80.8 (0.4–1.7)
 Doctor14.11.0
Urine exam
 No18.41.5 (1.1–1.9)
 Yes13.21.0

ORC: crude odds ratio; ORA: adjusted odds ratio; &statistical significance.