Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2017, Article ID 6725168, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6725168
Research Article

Effect of Genital Sampling Site on the Detection and Quantification of Ureaplasma Species with Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction during Pregnancy

1Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, 101 Laarbeeklaan, Jette, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
2Department of Microbiology, UZ Brussel, 101 Laarbeeklaan, Jette, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
3Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 101 Laarbeeklaan, Jette, 1090 Brussels, Belgium

Correspondence should be addressed to Gilles Faron; eb.lessurbzu@noraf.sellig

Received 19 September 2016; Accepted 5 January 2017; Published 5 February 2017

Academic Editor: Diane M. Harper

Copyright © 2017 Gilles Faron et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. L. Goldenberg, J. F. Culhane, J. D. Iams, and R. Romero, “Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth,” The Lancet, vol. 371, no. 9606, pp. 75–84, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. D. Iams, R. Romero, J. F. Culhane, and R. L. Goldenberg, “Primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality of preterm birth,” The Lancet, vol. 371, no. 9607, pp. 164–175, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. L. Goldenberg, J. D. Iams, B. M. Mercer et al., “The preterm prediction study: the value of new vs standard risk factors in predicting early and all spontaneous preterm births,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 233–238, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. J. Meis, R. L. Goldenberg, B. Mercer et al., “The preterm prediction study: significance of vaginal infections,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 173, no. 4, pp. 1231–1235, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Abele-Horn, M. Scholz, C. Wolff, and M. Kolben, “High-density vaginal Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization as a risk factor for chorioamnionitis and preterm delivery,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 79, no. 11, pp. 973–978, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Kikhney, D. von Schöning, I. Steding et al., “Is Ureaplasma spp. the leading causative agent of acute chorioamnionitis in women with preterm birth?” Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. L. Feng, C. E. Ransom, M. K. Nazzal et al., “The role of progesterone and a novel progesterone receptor, progesterone receptor membrane component 1, in the inflammatory response of fetal membranes to ureaplasma parvum infection,” PLOS ONE, vol. 11, no. 12, Article ID e0168102, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. C. V. Lal, X. Xu, P. Jackson et al., “Ureaplasma infection-mediated release of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and PGP: a novel mechanism of preterm rupture of membranes and chorioamnionitis,” Pediatric Research, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 75–79, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. R. M. Viscardi, “Ureaplasma species: role in diseases of prematurity,” Clinics in Perinatology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 393–409, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. K. Kim, S. M. Thomas, M. Ho et al., “Heterogeneity of vaginal microbial communities within individuals,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1181–1189, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. C. L. Knox and P. Timms, “Comparison of PCR, nested PCR, and random amplified polymorphic DNA PCR for detection and typing of Ureaplasma urealyticum in specimens from pregnant women,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 3032–3039, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Vancutsem, O. Soetens, M. Breugelmans, W. Foulon, and A. Naessens, “Modified real-time PCR for detecting, differentiating, and quantifying Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum,” Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 206–212, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. M. Bernard and C. Lapointe, “Mesures composées,” in Mesures Statistiques en Épidémiologie, P. M. Bernard and C. Lapointe, Eds., pp. 131–143, Presse Universitaire du Québec, Quebec City, Canada, 1st edition, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  14. F. Kong, Z. Ma, G. James, S. Gordon, and G. L. Gilbert, “Species identification and subtyping of Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum using PCR-based assays,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1175–1179, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Marovt, D. Keše, T. Kotar et al., “Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum detected with the same frequency among women with and without symptoms of urogenital tract infection,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1237–1245, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus