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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2011, Article ID 496892, 8 pages
Research Article

Persistence of Overseeded Cool-Season Grasses in Bermudagrass Turf

1Center for Sports Surface Research, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 212 Agricultural Sciences and Industries Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Virginia Beach, VA 23455, USA

Received 30 June 2011; Accepted 11 September 2011

Academic Editor: Kassim Al-Khatib

Copyright © 2011 Thomas Serensits et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cool-season grass species are commonly overseeded into bermudagrass turf for winter color. When the overseeded grass persists beyond the spring; however, it becomes a weed. The ability of perennial ryegrass, Italian (annual) ryegrass, intermediate ryegrass, and hybrid bluegrass to persist in bermudagrass one year after seeding was determined. Perennial ryegrass, intermediate ryegrass, and Italian ryegrass produced acceptable ground cover in the spring after fall seeding. Hybrid bluegrass did not establish well, resulting in unacceptable cover. Perennial ryegrass generally persisted the most one year after seeding, either because of summer survival of plants or because of new germination the following fall. Plant counts one year after seeding were greater in the higher seeding rate treatment compared to the lower seeding treatment rate of perennial ryegrass, suggesting new germination had occurred. Plant counts one year after seeding plots with intermediate ryegrass or Italian ryegrass were attributed primarily to latent germination and not summer survival. Applications of foramsulfuron generally did not prevent overseeded species stand one year after seeding, supporting the conclusion of new germination. Although quality is less with intermediate ryegrass compared to perennial ryegrass, it transitions out easier than perennial ryegrass, resulting in fewer surviving plants one year later.