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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2012, Article ID 569817, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/569817
Research Article

Soybean Oil-Quality Variants Identified by Large-Scale Mutagenesis

USDA-ARS Crop Production and Pest Control Research Unit, 915 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Received 3 November 2011; Accepted 8 December 2011

Academic Editor: Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan

Copyright © 2012 Karen Hudson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To identify genetic variation for fatty acid composition in mature soybean seeds, 4566 M3 generation seed samples from a chemically mutagenized population were subjected to fatty acid profiling by gas chromatography. In the population, a wide range of variation in the content for each of the five major fatty acids was observed. Seventy-nine lines were identified which contained significantly high or low levels of one of the five major soybean fatty acids. These lines were advanced to the subsequent generation. Of the 79 lines showing a variant fatty acid profile in the M3, 52 showed clear heritability for the oil composition in the seeds of the subsequent generation. These lines are likely to represent 52 distinct genetic mutations. These mutants may represent new loci involved in the determination of soybean seed oil content or could be new isolates or alleles of previously identified genetic variants for soybean oil composition.