Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2016, Article ID 1524304, 6 pages
Research Article

Growth Response of Two Phaseolus mungo L. Cultivars Induced by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Trichoderma viride

Department of Botany, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana 136119, India

Received 16 November 2015; Revised 5 March 2016; Accepted 13 March 2016

Academic Editor: Kent Burkey

Copyright © 2016 Navnita Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. M. Jeswani and B. Baldev, Advances in Pulse Production Technology, Publication and Information Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, 1990.
  2. N. Rattanawongsa, “The 19th International mungbean nursery trial,” ARC-AVRDC Training Report, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  3. G. Sarwar, M. S. Sadiq, M. Saleem, and G. Abbas, “Selection criteria in F3 and F4 population of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.)Wilczek),” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 297–310, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Gutjahr and U. Paszkowski, “Multiple control levels of root system remodeling in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis,” Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 4, article 204, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y.-N. Zou, A. K. Srivastava, Q.-D. Ni, and Q.-S. Wu, “Disruption of mycorrhizal extraradical mycelium and changes in leaf water status and soil aggregate stability in rootbox-grown trifoliate orange,” Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 6, article 203, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Azcón-Aguilar and J. M. Barea, “Nutrient cycling in the mycorrhizosphere,” Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 372–396, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. G. A. Van der Heijden, F. M. Martin, M.-A. Selosse, and I. R. Sanders, “Mycorrhizal ecology and evolution: the past, the present, and the future,” New Phytologist, vol. 205, no. 4, pp. 1406–1423, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. M. Hassan and R. A. Abakeer, “Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacterial strains on Orobranchae crenata Frosk on Faba bean,” Universal Journal of Applied Science, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 27–32, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. F. Ndoye, A. Kane, G. Diedhiou et al., “Effects of dual inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rhizobia on Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. seedling growth and soil enzyme activities in Senegal,” International Journal of Biosciences, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 36–48, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. B. Lugtenberg, “Life of microbes in the rhizosphere,” in Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions, B. Lugtenberg, Ed., pp. 7–15, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Nega, “Review on concepts in biological control of plant pathogens,” Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, vol. 4, pp. 27–33, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Martínez-Medina, J. A. Pascual, E. Lloret, and A. Roldán, “Interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Trichoderma harzianum and their effects on Fusarium wilt in melon plants grown in seedling nurseries,” Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 89, no. 11, pp. 1843–1850, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. A. Menge and L. W. Timmer, “Procedure for inoculation of plants with VAM in the laboratory, greenhouse and field,” in Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research, N.C. Schenck, Ed., pp. 59–67, American Phytopathology Society, St. Paul, Minn, USA, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  14. N. B. Mukhopadhyaya, A. Rahmbhat, and G. J. Patel, “Trichoderma harzianum—a potential biocontrol agent for tobacco damping off,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research, vol. 12, pp. 26–35, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  15. R. W. Weaver and L. R. Fredrick, “Rhizobium. Methods of soil analysis, part 2,” in Chemical and Microbiological Properties, Agronomy Monograph No. 9, pp. 1043–1070, American Society for Agronomy, Madison, Wis, USA, 2nd edition, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  16. D. I. Arnon, “Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris,” Plant Physiology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 1949. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. M. M. Bradford, “A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 248–254, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Gerdemann and T. H. Nicolson, “Spores of mycorrhizal Endogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting,” Transactions of the British Mycological Society, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 235–244, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. C. Walker, “Taxonomic concepts in the Endogonaceae: spore wall characteristics in species descriptions,” Mycotaxon, vol. 18, pp. 443–455, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  20. N. C. Schenck and Y. Perez, Manual for the Identification of VA Mycorrhizal VAM Fungi, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Fla, USA, 1990.
  21. J. B. Morton and G. L. Benny, “Revised classification of arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi (Zygomycetes): a new order, Glomales, two new suborders, Glomineae and Gigasporineae, with an remendation of Glomaceae,” Mycotaxon, vol. 37, pp. 471–491, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  22. K. G. Mukerji, “Taxonomy of endomycorrhizal fungi,” in Advances in Botany, K. G. Mukerji, B. Mathur, B. P. Chamola, and P. Chitralekha, Eds., pp. 211–221, APH Pubishing Company, New Delhi, India, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  23. A. Adholeya and A. Gaur, “Estimation of VAM fungal spores in soil,” Mycorrhiza News, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 10–11, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. M. Phillips and D. S. Hayman, “Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and VAM fungi for rapid assessment of infection,” Transactions of British Mycological Society, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 158–161, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. R. Shuab, R. Lone, N. Jayanti, V. Sharma, S. Imtiyaz, and K. K. Koul, “Benefits of inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and development of onion (Allium cepa) plant,” American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 527–535, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Bagheri, S. Davazdahemami, and J. M. Moghadam, “Variation in growth characteristics, nutrient uptake, and essential oil content in three mycorrhizal genotypes of Mentha spicata L.,” International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 67–76, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Sheng, M. Tang, H. Chen, B. Yang, F. Zhang, and Y. Huang, “Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on photosynthesis and water status of maize plants under salt stress,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 18, no. 6-7, pp. 287–296, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. Arumugam, S. Rajasekaran, and S. Nagarajan, “Response of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium inoculation on growth and chlorophyll content of Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp Var. Pusa 151,” Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 113–115, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. M. Baslam, R. Esteban, J. I. García-Plazaola, and N. Goicoechea, “Effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) for inducing the accumulation of major carotenoids, chlorophylls and tocopherol in green and red leaf lettuces,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 97, no. 7, pp. 3119–3128, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. R. Krishna and D. J. Bagyaraj, “Note on the effect of VA myhcorrhizal and soluble phosphate fertilizers on sorghum,” Indian Journal of Agrcultural Sciences, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 688–690, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  31. G. H. Rabie and A. AL Humany, “Role of VAM fungus on growth of cowpea plant and their associative effect with N fixing and P solublizing bacteria as biofertilizers in calcareous soil,” Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, vol. 2, no. 3-4, pp. 186–192, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  32. K. R. Krishna and D. J. Bagyaraj, “Growth and nutrient uptake of peanut inoculated with the mycorrhizal fungus Glomus fasciculatum compared with non-inoculated ones,” Plant and Soil, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 405–408, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. N. Mathur and A. Vyas, “Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on biomass production, nutrient uptake and physiological changes in Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. under water stress,” Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 191–195, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Sandhya, T. Vijaya, A. Sridevi, and G. Narasimha, “Influence of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM) and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) on growth and biochemical constituents of Marsdenia volubilis,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 12, no. 38, pp. 5648–5654, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  35. M. Lenin, G. Selvakumar, P. Thamizhiniyan, and R. Rajendiran, “Growth and biochemical changes of vegetable seedlings induced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus,” Journal of Experimental Sciences, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 27–31, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  36. C. Azcón-Aguilar and J. M. Barea, “Mycorrhizosphere interactions for legume improvement,” in Microbes for Legume Improvement, M. S. Khan, A. Zaidi, and J. Mussarat, Eds., pp. 237–271, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  37. M. R. Amerian and W. S. Stewart, “Effect of two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth, assimilation and leaf water relations in maize (Zea mays),” Aspects of Applied Biology, vol. 63, pp. 1–6, 2001. View at Google Scholar