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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2016, Article ID 8219356, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8219356
Research Article

Quick Decline Disease Disturbs the Levels of Important Phytochemicals and Minerals in the Stem Bark of Mango (Mangifera indica)

1Department of Biochemistry, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
2Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 45550, Pakistan
3Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan

Received 9 November 2015; Revised 27 February 2016; Accepted 7 March 2016

Academic Editor: Manuel Tejada

Copyright © 2016 Abdul Saeed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Quick decline is one of the deadly diseases of mango (Mangifera indica) which causes a serious damage to the tree and its production. In the current study, we examined the levels of important phytochemicals and minerals in the stem bark of healthy and infected mango tree. Infected stem bark showed 12.5% lower levels of total sugars and 51.1% higher levels of proteins as compared to healthy parts, whereas no variation was observed in reducing sugar, free amino acid, and ascorbic acid. Among micronutrients, the levels of Zn, Na, Cr, and Cl were lowered by 25%, 54.3%, 25%, and 75.4%, respectively, whereas the level of Ni was 62.5% higher in the infected stem bark when compared with the healthy stem bark. However, other micronutrients did not show significant differences between healthy and infected parts. Among macronutrients, the quantity of N, P, and Mg showed an increase of 51.2%, 34.7%, and 27.6%, respectively, whereas the quantity of Ca and K was decreased by 25.2% and 7.66% in the infected stem barks as compared to healthy ones. The results of this study provide some basic but important information that may ultimately be helpful in managing the quick decline disease in the mango trees.