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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 9312537, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9312537
Review Article

Introducing Natural Farming in Black Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Cultivation

1Research and Development Division, Malaysian Pepper Board, 93916 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
2Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Bintulu Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia
3Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security (ITAFoS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence should be addressed to Kevin Muyang Tawie Sulok

Received 30 October 2017; Accepted 4 January 2018; Published 1 February 2018

Academic Editor: Maria Serrano

Copyright © 2018 Kevin Muyang Tawie Sulok et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper reviews the role of Natural Farming as an ecological farming method to produce organically grown food of safe and high quality and at the same time improve soil quality and soil health. Currently, there is a dearth of information on the effects of Natural Farming approach on black pepper farms particularly in Sarawak, Malaysia. Previous studies on other crops had indicated positive outcome using the Natural Farming method. Thus, this paper discusses the essential role of effective microorganisms in Natural Farming and their potential in pepper cultivation. Through the action of effective microorganisms, this approach should be able to transform a degraded soil ecosystem into one that is fertile and has high nutrients availability. The mixed culture of effective microorganisms applied must be mutually compatible and coexist with one another to ensure its favorable establishment and interaction in the soil. Therefore, it is anticipated that introducing Natural Farming in black pepper cultivation can enhance the predominance of effective microorganisms in the soil, which in turn could lead to promising growth and yield of the crop.