International Journal of Agronomy / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Variability in Prolificacy, Total Carotenoids, Lutein, and Zeaxanthin of Yellow Small-Ear Waxy Corn Germplasm

Table 2

Mean squares for yields, yield components, agronomic traits, and carotenoids of 48 small-ear waxy corn genotypes evaluated across four environments in Thailand between 2018 and 2019.

SOVEnvironment (E)ReplicationGenotype (G)GxEErrorCV (%)
Df3847141376

UY1st77.515.611.01.50.518.80.61
Total99.236.414.32.20.717.60.59
HY1st56.336.136.24.92.321.70.53
Total193.3101.244.96.93.019.70.51
EN1st2.26.01.48.83.611.70.21
2nd1.81.47.010.05.443.10.24
2ndM7.24.84.26.73.561.70.36
Total3.03.71.52.61.215.70.18
EL1st172.80.818.01.61.38.90.51
2nd70.43.11710.38.428.20.06
ED1st1.80.11.10.10.18.10.45
2nd1.50.11.00.60.626.00.05
AD594131147.34.44.40.67
EH41,8601,1804,20714090.310.50.79
La34.50.92.50.60.0112.10.97
Za65.30.48.01.40.116.20.92
BCa4.00.00.00.30.011.20.98
TCa243.59.023.27.20.919.30.75

 = broad-sense heritability estimates. UY (ton ha−1) = unhusked yield, HY (ton ha−1) = husked yield, EN (ear ha−1) = ear number, EL (cm) = husked ear length, ED (cm) = husked ear diameter, AD (DAS) = anthesis date, EH (cm) = ear height, L (µg g−1 FW) = lutein, Z (µg g−1 FW) = zeaxanthin, BC (µg g−1 FW) = beta-carotene, TC (µg g−1 FW) = total carotenoids, 1st = the first ear position, 2nd = the second ear position, 2ndM = the number of marketable ears at the second ear position. aData derived from Khon Kaen province across two seasons. Significant at and significant at , respectively.

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